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Tough friction / dynamics problem

  1. Nov 15, 2005 #1
    If a 4kg block is resting on a 5kg block and the maximum horizontal force exerted on the block without it moving is 12N, what is the maximum horizontal force that the bottom block can recieve without the top block moving? The surface between the bottom block and the ground is frictionless.

    I can't seem to solve this :frown: any help would be awesome :)
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 15, 2005 #2

    Chi Meson

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    The question obviously must mean "what is the maximum force on the bottom block such that the top block will not slide."

    From the first part, you have the maximum static frictional force between the two blocks, 12 N.

    This static frictional force is the force that must accelerate the top block. With this force, and the given mass, what is the maximum acceleration of the top block?

    Once you find that, ask yourself: "Self? if the top block accelerates at this quantity, what total pushing force would be required to get the whole mass accelerating at that quantity?"
  4. Nov 15, 2005 #3
    Just to clarify, is the 12N MAX force applied to the 4kg block?? If it is, think of what force will accelerate the 4kg block forward, while it is positioned on top of the 5kg block. This force has a max value (12N). Associated with this max force is a max acceleration for the 4kg block. If you can determine the max acceleration of the 4kg block, you know the max acceleration of the 4kg/5kg system. See what you can come up with... (1) identify the force that causes the 4kg block's acceleration, and (2) understand how that force, via acceleration, can be used to determine the max possible horizontal force applied to the 5kg block. I will stand by for your response(s).
  5. Nov 15, 2005 #4
    Fnet1 = ma
    12 = (4)a
    a = 3 m/s^2

    Fmax = ma
    = 9(3)
    = 27N

    All good?
  6. Nov 15, 2005 #5
    Looks good. Another example, where all the surfaces are frictionless, would be a 4kg block tethered to the top of the 5kg block via a horizontal string. Assuming the max tension the string could withstand is 12N, the string would be able to accelerate the 4kg block to a max amount of 3m/s/s. And similarly, the max horizontal force applied to the 5kg block would be again 27N.
  7. Nov 15, 2005 #6


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    all good :smile:
  8. Nov 15, 2005 #7
    The comment on that question was that it was difficult. Compared to these other ones it is simple, I should have seen that answer right away. STUPID STUPID STUPID STUPID :mad:
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