The Attempt at a Solution
Assuming that the guitar string is made of martensite and the metal chain link is made of carbon steel, I think that the metal chain link would have a higher toughness. My reasoning behind this is since martensite is very strong but not ductile, then the elastic region of its stress-strain curve would be steep and the plastic region would be very small before the string fails. On the other hand, the metal chain link is not as strong as the string but is a bit more ductile. The elastic region of its stress-strain curve would not be as steep, and the plastic region would last longer before failure. Therefore, the area under the stress-strain curve of the metal chain link would be greater than the area under the stress-strain curve of the string, as seen in the figure below.
Also, looking at it from a design point of view, a metal chain link is obviously designed to withstand high tensile stresses, whereas a guitar string is only designed to withstand tensile stresses in the elastic region.
Is my understanding of the problem correct? Am I wrong with my choice?
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