Traction force on tire

1. May 2, 2016

Aashish sarode

my sprocket is rigidly attached to rear axel ,is there any difference in torque at sprocket and tire?

2. May 2, 2016

Staff: Mentor

What do you get if you apply an angular momentum balance to the wheel?

3. May 2, 2016

4. May 2, 2016

OldYat47

Or more basically, suppose you have some torque at the sprocket. Would you have to exert more or less rotating force at the tire to create that same torque at the sprocket? Remember that torque = force times radius.

5. May 2, 2016

Aashish sarode

less bcz torque =force*radius and in this case sprocket radius is less than that of wheels

6. May 2, 2016

Staff: Mentor

The sprocket torque minus the tire torque is equal to the wheel moment of inertia times the angular acceleration of the wheel. If the bike is not accelerating, then the sprocket torque is equal to the wheel torque. (I assume that by sprocket torque, you are referring to the torque applied by the chain to the sprocket).

Last edited: May 2, 2016
7. May 2, 2016

OldYat47

Exactly. The farther you get from the center of rotation the less the torque. So the torque at the sprocket is not the same as the torque at the tire.

8. May 2, 2016

Staff: Mentor

If the car isn't accelerating, it sure is the same. The moments (torques) must balance. Just take the wheel and attached sprocket as a free body.

9. May 2, 2016

jack action

$$T_{tire} = T_{sprocket} - I\alpha$$
Where $I$ is the inertia of the sprocket-axle-wheel-tire assembly and $\alpha$ is the rotational acceleration of the assembly.

If there is no acceleration ($\alpha = 0$), then the tire torque is exactly the same as the sprocket torque. Otherwise, in typical assembly, the inertia should be small enough to consider that they are both practically the same as well (although, not necessarily a negligible difference).

10. May 2, 2016

Staff: Mentor

11. May 2, 2016

cjl

The torque is absolutely the same. The force, however, is not, since as you pointed out earlier, torque is force multiplied by radius.

12. May 2, 2016

Aashish sarode

power=torque*angular velocity , since p
hmm ,power remains constant i.e power =torque *angular velocity ,angular velocity for sprocket and wheel is same so torque nust be equal. Thank u all.

13. May 3, 2016

billy_joule

That is not always true, there can be losses between the sprocket and the wheel; friction at a bearing, losses through a CV joint, a dragging brake pad etc etc. Power still remains constant but not all of it makes it to the wheel:
Psprocket ≠ PWheel

Psprocket = PWheel + Pbearing losses PCV losses + Pany other losses

Whether these losses are small enough to be ignored depends on your system.