# Transverse Waves speed

Having a little difficulty with a homework question and concept

## Homework Statement

y = 2.28sin(0.0276pi x + 2.42pi t)

Find the amplitude, wavelength, frequency, speed and maximum transverse speed.

## The Attempt at a Solution

A = 2.28cm
Wavelength = 72.46 cm
Frequency = 1.21 Hz

Speed = 87.68 cm/s
Max transverse speed = ??????

Reasoning

The speed should be w/k which would give 2.42pi/0.0276pi = 87.68 cm/s

The max transverse velocity though....would that be when the trig function of cos is equal to 1 in this equation u = -wAcos(kx-wt) ????

Last edited:

Dick
Homework Helper
The speed is correct. Transverse speed is when dy/dt is a max. I think you are pretty much nailing that as well.

Apologies...still not quite sure.....would I use the w and A i know multiplied with cos(kx-wt) to get my answer.....so if cos(kx-wt)=1, then max transverse speed would be -wA???

mezarashi
Homework Helper
If your displacement function is a sin wave, it's not possible that your velocity "function" be a constant of 87.68cm/s as you calculated. Your speed would be a function as well.

As you know, velocity is the change of displacement over time (i.e. dy/dt), so by differentiating the function for y, you will get a the velocity function (which in this case is a cosine function). That cosine function will allow you to calculate the speed at any location x and time t.

To calculate the maximum speed, we take a look at the velocity function. If you do your calculus right, the equation should look something like:

v = B cos (Cx + Dt)

There is an infinite possibility for the values of x and t, so we can assume that hthe cosine can return any value. The maximum value however of a cosine function is 1. So what does that tell you about your maximum velocity?

Dick