Trapping Antimatter: Exploring the Possibilities in Thunderstorms

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In summary, the conversation discussed the possibility of trapping antimatter produced in thunderstorms and using it as a source of energy. However, it was determined that the amount of energy produced is not worth the cost and effort required to collect and harness it. The focus was shifted to exploring the potential uses of antimatter and how to contain and utilize its energy. The discussion also touched on the difficulty of studying thunderstorms and the limitations of current technology.
  • #1
Ananuk
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My question may be a naive but I'm going to ask it anyway. If we now have the ability to trap antimatter what is stopiping us from using them to trap the antimatter produced in thunderstorm? Or other areas for that matter? Is there a way that we can come up with to inject a trap into a storm?
 
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  • #2
Ananuk said:
My question may be a naive but I'm going to ask it anyway. If we now have the ability to trap antimatter what is stopiping us from using them to trap the antimatter produced in thunderstorm? Or other areas for that matter? Is there a way that we can come up with to inject a trap into a storm?
Welcome to the PF.

How do thunderstorms produce antimatter?
 
  • #3
berkeman said:
How do thunderstorms produce antimatter?

You have a few million volts, so you can have the reaction e- → e+e-e-.

Ananuk said:
If we now have the ability to trap antimatter what is stopiping us from using them to trap the antimatter produced in thunderstorm?

The fact that flying in a thunderstorm is freaking dangerous.
 
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  • #4
Vanadium 50 said:
You have a few million volts, so you can have the reaction e- → e+e-e-.
Thanks! Is that only in the lightning strike path, or everywhere between the charged cloud and the ground?
 
  • #5
You've got to get the antimatter into the penning trap. Probably not impossible, but tremendously difficult, considering that said antimatter will annihilate fairly quickly.

The question to ask is: To what end?

What could we learn from trapping antimatter from storms? Is it worth the time and the cost?
 
  • #6
I believe that it is most important to continue the "to what end" investigation. We already know that the collusion of matter and antimatter create an enormous amount of energy, and we know that we can trap said antimatter, so the question is...how do we contain and harness the energy created by the collision?
 
  • #7
Also to answer Bergman I think it happens only between the stratosphere and the storm.
 
  • #8
Sorry berkman autocorrect and all.
 
  • #9
Ananuk said:
I believe that it is most important to continue the "to what end" investigation. We already know that the collusion of matter and antimatter create an enormous amount of energy, and we know that we can trap said antimatter, so the question is...how do we contain and harness the energy created by the collision?
There's just no way that would be worth doing.

2*511 keV per e+e- pair. This paper reports http://arxiv.org/pdf/1505.03782.pdf order
5.0×1012 positron annihilations per second in a 2000m radius volume for each event, each of which lasts 0.2s. So the total power is a whopping 4 Watts. And that's not including the fact you're not going to collect all the positrons and you cannot convert that to electricity with 100% efficiency. Even plus or minus a few orders of magnitude, this isn't worth it.
http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=2*511keV*5*10^12+/0.2s

I did the calculation, and found the paper because I knew you wouldn't take my word for it. But you could have done this for yourself.

Frankly if the power from antimatter was worth it, we'd be using the many terrestrial sources of positrons to power things. The fact that we're not should tell you something.
 
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  • #10
Ananuk said:
I believe that it is most important to continue the "to what end" investigation. We already know that the collusion of matter and antimatter create an enormous amount of energy, and we know that we can trap said antimatter, so the question is...how do we contain and harness the energy created by the collision?
We aren't even using the electrical power of the thunderstorms, because it's not economical. Collecting their antimatter is even worse.
 
  • #11
berkeman said:
Is that only in the lightning strike path, or everywhere between the charged cloud and the ground

I don't think this is completely understood. In particular, cause and effect is not so clear: when you have a stroke, you have large currents that produce these showers. But when you have these showers, you also have ionization, which can trigger a breakdown. And for good reasons (and the ones the OP pooh-poohs) it's difficult to instrument thundershowers in detail.
 
  • #12
This thread started with the question:
Ananuk said:
If we now have the ability to trap antimatter what is stopping us from using them to trap the antimatter produced in thunderstorm?
That question has been answered and the thread is closed.
 

1. What is antimatter?

Antimatter is a type of matter that is composed of antiparticles, which have the opposite charge and spin of their corresponding particles. When matter and antimatter come into contact, they annihilate each other, releasing a large amount of energy.

2. How is antimatter created in thunderstorms?

Thunderstorms are natural particle accelerators, producing high-energy electrons and positrons through a process called terrestrial gamma-ray flashes. These particles can then collide with atoms in the atmosphere, producing antimatter.

3. How do scientists detect antimatter in thunderstorms?

Scientists use detectors such as gamma-ray telescopes and particle detectors to observe the high-energy particles produced in thunderstorms. They can also analyze data from lightning strikes to look for evidence of antimatter production.

4. What are the potential applications of trapping antimatter in thunderstorms?

Trapping antimatter in thunderstorms could lead to advancements in fields such as energy production, space travel, and medicine. It could also provide a better understanding of the fundamental laws of physics and the origins of the universe.

5. Are there any risks associated with studying antimatter in thunderstorms?

Like any scientific endeavor, there are risks involved in studying antimatter in thunderstorms. However, researchers take precautions to ensure their safety and minimize any potential hazards. Additionally, the benefits of studying antimatter far outweigh any potential risks.

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