1. Sep 8, 2009

### musicmar

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
a. The area of a triangle is formed in the first quadrant by the x and y axes and a line through the point (2,1).
i. Write the area of the triangle as a function of x.
ii.Determine the domain of the function.
iii.Is there a maximum and minumum area for some value of x? If so, find the value analytically and graphically.

3. The attempt at a solution
I did part i and ii and only really need help with iii.
For i, I drew a graph of the first quadrant with a point at (2,1) and an arbitrary line through it and both axes. I have attached a graph from paint. I found the slope of the blue line (-1/x-2) and set it equal to the slope of the whole line (-y/x) in order to solve for y in terms of x. Because y= x/(x-2), the area of the triangle is:

A= 1/2 bh
=1/2 xy
= (x^2)/2(x-2)

ii. D: (2,infinity)

iii. I know there must be a maximum and minimum area as x approaches 2 and infinity, but I don't know how to "find the value analytically and graphically".
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

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2. Sep 8, 2009

### gabbagabbahey

Well, for local extrema, what can you say about dA/dx?.... Is there anywhere else that global extrema may occur?

3. Sep 9, 2009

### njama

Ok, you've done i) and ii) well.

Now, use
$$\begin{array}{l} (\sqrt{a} - \sqrt{b}) ^ 2 \geq 0 \\ \Rightarrow (\sqrt{a}) ^ 2 - 2\sqrt{a}\sqrt{b} + (\sqrt{b}) ^ 2 \geq 0 \\ \Rightarrow a - 2\sqrt{ab} + b \geq 0 \\ \Rightarrow a + b \geq 2 \sqrt{ab} \end{array}$$

But first...

$$A=\frac{x^2}{2(x-2)}$$

$$A=\frac{x^2-4+4}{2(x-2)}$$

Now, what can you do?