- #1

- 76

- 0

Wolfram wants to use the reduction formula, but I'm meant to do this just using identities and u substitution. I was thinking something along the lines of:

=∫cot^4 x (cot^2 x + 1)^2 dx

=∫cot^8 x + 2cot^6 x + cot^4 x dx

but I don't know where to go from there.