# Trigonometry relations

#### Nyasha

1. Homework Statement

Straight line segments are drawn from the fixed point P1(0,1) and P2(3,2) to the movable point P, with coordinates (x,0)on the positive x-axis.

Assuming that 0 ≤ x ≤ 3, show that the angle θ between the two line segments PP1 and PP2 is given by the relation:

θ= π-arccotx-arccot(3-x/2)

3. The Attempt at a Solution

$$tan\theta = (3-0)/(2 - 1) = 3/2$$ For PP1

$$\tan\theta = (3-x)/(2-0)= (3 - x)/2$$ For PP2

$$\theta = arctan(3/2) - arctan((3-x)/2)$$

First of all l do not know if l am on the right path and even if l am on the right path l get stuck here. Please help

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#### tiny-tim

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Hi Nyasha! $$tan\theta = (3-0)/(2 - 1) = 3/2$$ For PP1
No, that's the line from P1 to P2, not P to P1
First of all l do not know if l am on the right path
I'm not sure either … it's difficult to tell whether you're just guessing …

to make it clear to the examiner that you're not guessing, give the angles or directions names, so you can make it clear which angles you're subtracting from which, and why …

in this case, call (0,0) O, and call (3,0) A, and use OPA = π #### Nyasha

Hi Nyasha! No, that's the line from P1 to P2, not P to P1

I'm not sure either … it's difficult to tell whether you're just guessing …

to make it clear to the examiner that you're not guessing, give the angles or directions names, so you can make it clear which angles you're subtracting from which, and why …

in this case, call (0,0) O, and call (3,0) A, and use OPA = π What is OPA =π ?

#### tiny-tim

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
What is OPA =π ?
uhh? OPA is the angle OPA, from (0,0) to P to (3,0)

#### Nyasha

uhh? OPA is the angle OPA, from (0,0) to P to (3,0)

Okay, so any tips on how l prove that θ= π-arccotx-arccot(3-x/2) ? I am really confused/blank on this question.

#### tiny-tim

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
just draw it … it's obvious! #### Nyasha

just draw it … it's obvious!  Tim l have drawn it but it is still not obvious. I still can't figure out how they came up with the relation θ= π-arccotx-arccot(3-x/2)

#### tiny-tim

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
waaa!

oh Nyasha …

you missed out poor little P! #### Nyasha

Re: waaa!

oh Nyasha …

you missed out poor little P! Tim l think l solved it now, l drew a better diagram and then figure out what to do. Here is what l did:

$$\theta= ArcCot((x-0)/(0-1)) = ArcCot(-x) = Pi - ArcCot(x)$$ This one is the slope for PP1

$$\theta = ArcCot((3-x)/(2-0) = ArcCot((3-x)/2)$$

$$\theta = Pi - ArcCot(x) - ArcCot((3-x)/2)$$ (subtract PP1 from PP2)

#### tiny-tim

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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