Trouble with Simple Harmonic Motion

In summary, SHM particles are in equilibrium at the center of their path because the acceleration is zero there due to the restoring force. This is not the case at the ends of their path. The statement that the acceleration at the ends of the path must be more than g for SHM is incorrect. Equilibrium in SHM can be stable or unstable, but it does not take place at the ends of the path.
  • #1
shawonna23
146
0
I am having trouble with this question:

1. A particle oscillating in simple harmonic motion is:

in equilibrium at the center of its path because the acceleration is zero there

or

in equilibrium at the ends of its path because the acceleration is zero there


2. When a body executes simple harmonic motion, its acceleration at the ends of its path must be: more than g

Is this statement correct?
 
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  • #2
shawonna23 said:
I am having trouble with this question:

1. A particle oscillating in simple harmonic motion is:

in equilibrium at the center of its path because the acceleration is zero there

or

in equilibrium at the ends of its path because the acceleration is zero there
For SHM there must be a restoring force, pulling the object back to the center of its path. The greater the displacement from the center, the greater the force. (Consider a spring.) Use this information to determine which answer is correct.
2. When a body executes simple harmonic motion, its acceleration at the ends of its path must be: more than g

Is this statement correct?
No. The acceleration depends on the strength of the restoring force at the end of the path. It might be greater than g, but certainly doesn't have to be.
 
  • #3
Thanks, the answers is:
in equilibrium at the center of its path
 
  • #4
What is meant by "equilibrium"? If it means "no net force", that happens at the centre of the path. If it means "stationary", that happens at the ends.
 
  • #5
James R said:
What is meant by "equilibrium"? If it means "no net force", that happens at the centre of the path. If it means "stationary", that happens at the ends.

Equilibrium means that if you placed an object in a certain postion, the net force acting on that particle is zero and it would remain at rest. This is not the case at the ends. If you place the object there, the spring will always pull it back toward the point of zero force.

Equilibrium can be stable or unstable. It is stable if a small displacement results in an unbalanced force that tends to pull it back. It is unstable if a small displacement results in a force that tends to push it farther away, like trying to balance a pencil in its point.
 
  • #6
Basically equilibrium does not take place in SHM.But Net force is zero at the centre but not at the two ends.
 

Related to Trouble with Simple Harmonic Motion

1. What is Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)?

Simple Harmonic Motion is a type of periodic motion in which an object oscillates back and forth around a central equilibrium point with a constant amplitude and a constant period. It is a common phenomenon observed in various physical systems, such as a mass attached to a spring or a pendulum.

2. What causes trouble with Simple Harmonic Motion?

The most common cause of trouble with Simple Harmonic Motion is the presence of external forces that disrupt the ideal conditions of the system. These forces can alter the amplitude, period, or direction of the oscillations, resulting in a deviation from the expected behavior.

3. How can we calculate the period of Simple Harmonic Motion?

The period of Simple Harmonic Motion can be calculated using the equation T = 2π√(m/k), where T is the period in seconds, m is the mass of the object in kilograms, and k is the spring constant in Newtons per meter.

4. What is the difference between Simple Harmonic Motion and Damped Harmonic Motion?

Simple Harmonic Motion refers to the ideal case of oscillations with no external forces or frictional forces acting on the system. In contrast, Damped Harmonic Motion involves the presence of frictional forces that gradually decrease the amplitude of the oscillations over time.

5. How is Simple Harmonic Motion important in science and engineering?

Simple Harmonic Motion is a fundamental concept in science and engineering, as it is a common occurrence in many physical systems. It is used to model and analyze various phenomena, such as sound waves, electric circuits, and molecular vibrations. Its understanding is also crucial in the design and optimization of mechanical systems, such as shock absorbers and tuning forks.

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