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Homework Help: Troubled with Definition

  1. May 17, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    extension theorem

    "A "subsentence" of a given sentence is a sentence that‘s a part of the given sentence, where we count a sentence as a part of itself. A "proper subsentence" of a given sentence is a subsentence of the given sentence other than itself."

    i don't understand "subsentence of the given sentence other than itself"

    could anyone give me some example to make me understand?

    i'm studying mathematical logic, but i think this question is more to language than math.
    I don't know if it is legal to post question like this, since i don't know any active linguistic forum,and lazy to find one, ;P, i hope someone help me with this. and if it is illegal, tell me.
     
    Last edited: May 17, 2010
  2. jcsd
  3. May 17, 2010 #2

    D H

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    Two sentences, A and B
    • A does not contain a proper subsentence.
    • B is a bit more verbose; it contains two proper subsentences.

    The whole is a part (a trivial part) of the whole. Thus sentence A contains a subsentence (sentence A itself), but it does not contain a proper subsentence. Snip any part off of sentence A and you no longer have something that obeys the rules of grammar as to what constitutes a sentence. Now look at the two phrases in Sentence B, "B is a bit more verbose" and "it contains two proper subsentences." Both of these phrases follow the rules of grammar for what constitutes a sentence. They are sentences in and of themselves. They are proper subsentences.
     
  4. May 17, 2010 #3
    yes, yes i get it now, thank you :D
     
  5. May 18, 2010 #4
    sorry, but this bugging me

    "The only subsentence of (φ ∨ ψ) other than (φ ∨ ψ) itself are the subsentences of φ and the subsentences of ψ." (i pick this from lecture note)

    is that mean φ and ψ is a "proper subsentence"?

    if it is, it's clearly said that φ and ψ is a "subsentence"

    so, meaning every "proper subsentence" is a subset of "subsentence"???
     
  6. May 18, 2010 #5
    hey of course it is, "..is a subsentence of the given sentence other than itself." (clearly said from definiton, sorry)

    but still i confused with "given sentence other than itself"
     
  7. May 18, 2010 #6
    A comma would make it more clear.

    A proper subsentence is a subsentence of the given sentence, other than itself.

    or

    A proper subsentence is any subsentence of a given sentence, except that the given sentence is not a proper subsentence of itself.

    that clearer?
     
  8. May 18, 2010 #7
    Yesss, very clear. thanks :D
     
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