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B True and False Vacuum

  1. Mar 7, 2016 #1
    Hi friends. What is difference between true vacuum and false vacuum. And what is metastability? I read these words said by Stephen Hawking saying about Higgs Boson may destroy our universe. So please explain this terms, anyone!
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 8, 2016 #2


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    Simplified,a vacuum is a lowest energy configuration around which you can expand your theory. A true vacuum is a global minimum of the energy and a false vacuum is only a minimum locally (think of an egg in an Eagle's nest on the side of a mountain - it is a local minimum of potential energy for the eggs, but they would have much less potential energy if they fell down to the valley).
    Metastability means a state is almost stable and may be treated as such in several respects. However, even for a local minimum of the potential, there is a probability of tunnling through the energy barrier into the true vacuum region.
    Last edited: Mar 8, 2016
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