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Twins paradox

  1. Sep 29, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    An astronaut travels from the earth at a speed of 0.999c to a star that us 15 light-years away (as measured by someone from earth). she spends 10 years on one of the star's planets (as measured by someone on that planet) and then returns to earth at 0.999c. How long has she been away (1) as measured by someone on the earth and (2) as measured by her?

    2. Relevant equations

    Δt = γ Δt'

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I am trying to measure the time it took for her to go to the planet and come back by
    Δt = γ(1+(1/2)* β^2 )
    and then the time she spent on the planet counted by someone on the earth by
    Δt = γ Δt'
    where ............Δt' = 10 yr ........is this right
    and add all the values ....

    For the B part I calculated the distance for her in the ship
    by L = Lp √ 1- β*β
    and based on this new distance did the same calculation as part A ....
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 29, 2013 #2

    Simon Bridge

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    Depends on the relative speed of the planet doesn't it. Can you assume the earth and Exoplaten clocks share a reference frame?

    In her reference frame, the Earth and the planet are moving at 0.999c, and their distance is contracted.

    You should draw the space-time diagrams for each reference frame to compare them.
    http://www.physicsguy.com/ftl/html/FTL_part2.html#sec:twin
     
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