# Undefined Limits as k-> 0

• pr0me7heu2

#### pr0me7heu2

Undefined Limits as k--> 0

## Homework Statement

lim(k-->0) [ (-mg)/k + v*e^(kt/m) + (mg)/k*e^(kt/m)]

,the end result of this limit is ultimately supposed to be v -gt (or the velocity of an object at any time t neglecting air resistance).

## Homework Equations

This equation comes from the differential equation dv/dt - k/m *v =g

,then using integrating factors (the equation itself is a linear ODE) I found:

v = (-mg)/k + ce^(kt/m)

,where c is found by solving for the initial condition v(0)=v0 where

v0 = (-mg)/k + c(1)

--> c = v0 + mg/k

## The Attempt at a Solution

I've spent literally a few hours pouring over this, frustrated as hell that I couldn't solve a simple limit!

I tried first taking the natural log of the whole thing, then I tried using all of the rules of exponents separating the e^(x)s. Then I tried working with the differential equation for a while but ultimately was never able to find a way to fully end up with a defined answer - ie. I was unable to completely eliminate x^(-1) or ln(x) prior to taking the limit as x-->0.

$$v \left( t \right) = \exp \left( \frac{k}{m} t \right) v_0 +gm \frac{\exp \left( \frac{k}{m} t \right) - 1}{k},$$
and then take the limit $k \rightarrow 0$.
Note that if you set $k = 0$ in the original differential equation, the solution is $v = v_0 + gt$, not $v = v_0 - gt$.