Homework Help: Uniform motion confusion

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1. Sep 21, 2015

lawsonj

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
"Julie drives 100 mi to her Grandmother's house. On the way, she drives half the distance at 40 mph and half the distance at 60 mph. On her return trip, she drives half the time at 40 mph and half the time at 60 mph."

2. Relevant equations
a. "What is Julies average speed on the way to Grandmother's house?"
b. "What is her average speed on the return trip?"

3. The attempt at a solution
The book says a. is 48 m/h and b. is 50 m/h...but i don't exactly know how this was found.

I am thrown by the second question BC 1. How could she possibly know what "half the time" is if she doesn't know her average velocity? 2. how do you find delta-t from this information?

By working out delta-t from the first question, I figured that the trip (50% 40 m/h & 50% 60 m/h) took 2.083 hrs total, which would make 1/2delta-t = 1.0417 hr. This is as close as I could get to determining HOW to find 1/2delta-t in order to calculate what her av. speed is travelling "half the time" at 60 and half the time at 40.

my instinct says that the answer to a. is 50 m/h but the book says otherwise...
how do you find the answer to b. without knowing delta-t?

2. Sep 21, 2015

Vitaliy

First thing first, what is the equation for avg speed? Both parts are simple substitution problems.

For part a, you know how long it takes to travel half the distance @ 40mph and how long it takes to travel half the distance @ 60mph. You have time and distance right there.

For part b, you solve for time. How do you solve for time when you have speed and total distance? Use total distance, time, and speed to set up an equation you can solve for time. Use the units as a hint if you are not sure how to setup an equation for time. For example mph * hours = miles. Or miles / mph = hours

3. Sep 21, 2015

SteamKing

Staff Emeritus
Since the total distance which Julie traveled is still 100 miles, you assume that the total return trip time is x hours. You know that Julie spends x/2 hours driving at 40 mph and x/2 hours at 60 mph. Calculating the total distance from those two pieces of information must add up to 100 miles. That's how you find x.

4. Sep 22, 2015

lawsonj

thanks gang, i think i figured it out...

on a conceptual note....am I wrong that Julie would not know what "half the time" is going to be? On her trip TO grandma's house, she knew the distance was 100 mi, but the time it took her to get there depended on how long she was travelling at 40 or 60 mph. Therefore, since she is NOT travelling half the distance at each speed any longer, she would not know what "half the time" of her trip is going to be, since the distance she spends at each speed is still unknown?

5. Sep 22, 2015

SteamKing

Staff Emeritus
No, you are not wrong. Sometimes, HW problems are poorly crafted. Still, overlooking some obvious inanities in their construction, a solution to such problems can be obtained by not obsessing over the details.