A flanged immersion heater is used to heat sand blast beads contained in a 400in^3 skinny cylindrical vessel (D=4"NPT, L=0.82m). My goal is to achieve a uniform temperature of 600F on the outside of the metal chamber. We used three thermocouples. One near the top portion on the outside of the chamber, one in the middle, and one on the bottom. Testing with this setup yielded the following results. The top thermocouple was hooked up to a temperature control that was set to 600F. Top Thermocouple- 600F Middle Thermocouple- 856F Bottom Thermocouple- 497F How can I make these temperatures more evenly distributed to 600F? Any suggestions? NOTE: The immersion heater elements are a little shorter than the vessel that surrounds it.