# Units of R[x]

## Homework Statement

Define the set of units in R[x] where R is a commutative Ring and R[x] the polynomial ring.

## Homework Equations

Unit: X is a unit in R if there exist a Y in R such that XY=1

## The Attempt at a Solution

At first I thought it was this:
R[x]* = {u +a1x + a2x^2...anx^n : u2=1 and ak2 = 0 }

But I feel that this is just a subset of the actual set of units.

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## Answers and Replies

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This is indeed only a subset of the set of units. The actual set of units consists of all polynomials $$a_0+a_1X+...+a_nX^n$$ such that $$a_0$$ is a unit in R, and $$a_1,...,a_n$$ are nilpotent elements of R. Here is a scheme that will help you prove this fact:

1) For a general ring A: if x is nilpotent, then 1+x is a unit. In fact, if u is a unit and if x is nilpotent, then u+x is a unit.

2) Let $$b_0+b_1X+...+b_mX^m$$ be an inverse of the polynomial $$a_0+a_1X+...+a_nX^n$$. Show (by induction) on r that $$a_n^{r+1}b_{m-r}=0$$.

3) Show that $$a_n$$ is a unit and apply step 1