Unsolved problems in number theory

• matqkks
In summary, number theory is a branch of mathematics that studies the properties and relationships of numbers and has applications in fields such as cryptography and computer science. Some well-known unsolved problems in number theory include the Riemann Hypothesis, Goldbach's Conjecture, and the Collatz Conjecture, which continue to challenge mathematicians and inspire new ways of thinking. Mathematicians approach solving these problems using various techniques and have made significant progress, but these problems remain unsolved in their entirety. The pursuit of solutions to these problems has led to groundbreaking discoveries and advanced our understanding of numbers.
matqkks
What are the most interesting examples of unsolved problems in number theory which an 18 year can understand?

The Goldbach Conjecture is easy enough to understand: every even number greater than 2 is the sum of two prime numbers.
Easy to state, fiendishly difficult to prove.

1 person
A lot are referenced in the book :
"Unsolved problems in number theory", R.K.Gay, Springer Edit.
Much of them are easy to understand.

1 person

1. What is number theory and why is it important?

Number theory is a branch of mathematics that deals with the properties and relationships of numbers. It has been studied for thousands of years and has numerous applications in fields such as cryptography and computer science. Number theory is important because it helps us understand the fundamental nature of numbers and their patterns.

2. What are some famous unsolved problems in number theory?

Some well-known unsolved problems in number theory include the Riemann Hypothesis, Goldbach's Conjecture, and the Collatz Conjecture. These problems have perplexed mathematicians for centuries and continue to challenge our understanding of numbers.

3. How do mathematicians approach solving problems in number theory?

Mathematicians use a variety of techniques and methods to tackle problems in number theory. These include algebraic techniques, number theory-specific methods such as modular arithmetic, and advanced mathematical concepts such as complex analysis and group theory.

4. What progress has been made in solving these unsolved problems?

Over the years, mathematicians have made significant progress in solving some of the most famous unsolved problems in number theory. For example, in 2002, a proof was found for a special case of the Riemann Hypothesis, known as the "prime number theorem for arithmetic progressions". However, these problems remain unsolved in their entirety and continue to challenge mathematicians.

5. Why are unsolved problems in number theory important?

Unsolved problems in number theory are important because they push the boundaries of our mathematical knowledge and inspire new ways of thinking. The pursuit of solutions to these problems has led to groundbreaking discoveries and has advanced our understanding of numbers and their properties.

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