# Urgent: eigenvector problem

#### Mathman23

Hi

I have this here matrix

$$A = \left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 2 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 3 & 3 & 0 \end{array} \right]$$

I calculate the eigenvalues and get (2,1,-1)

Next I calculate the eigenvectors and get (1,0,1) and (-1,1,0) and (0,0,0)

My professor says my third eigenvector is wrong and it should (0,0,1)

My calculation:

$$A = \left[ \begin{array}{ccc} (2-(-1) & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & (1-(-1) & 0 \\ 3 & 3 & 1-(-1) \end{array} \right] = \left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 3 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 2 & 0 \\ 3 & 3 & 0 \end{array} \right]$$

Then according to the theorem regarding eigenvectors:

$$\left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 3 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 2 & 0 \\ 3 & 3 & 0 \end{array} \right] \left[ \begin{array}{c} v_1 \\ v_2 \\ v_3 \end{array} \right] = \left[ \begin{array}{c} 0 \\ 0 \\ 0 \end{array} \right]$$

then

$$3v_1 + v_2 = 0$$

$$2v_2 = 0$$

$$3v_1 + 3 v_2 = 0$$

Is my calculations correct ??

sincerley and best regards,

Fred

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#### Muzza

First of all, the zero vector is never an eigenvector (even though it might behave like one). If x is an eigenvector "belonging" to the eigenvalue -1, then Ax = -x, or equivalently (A + I)x = 0. The right-most entry in the bottom row of this equation:

$$\left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 3 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 2 & 0 \\ 3 & 3 & 0 \end{array} \right] \left[ \begin{array}{c} v_1 \\ v_2 \\ v_3 \end{array} \right] = \left[ \begin{array}{c} 0 \\ 0 \\ 0 \end{array} \right]$$

is wrong, there should be a 1 there instead of a 0.

Last edited:

#### Corneo

Check your eigenvalues again. I get $$\lambda = 0,1,2$$

#### Mathman23

I have a second question I hope You can answer for me.

Finding a matrix P which is invertible and which complies with P^-1 AP ? ?

Isn't P then span of the three eigenvector ???

Sincerley and Best Regards,

Fred

Muzza said:
First of all, the zero vector is never an eigenvector (even though it might behave like one). If x is an eigenvector "belonging" to the eigenvalue -1, then Ax = -x, or equivalently (A + I)x = 0. The right-most entry in the bottom row of this equation:

$$\left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 3 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 2 & 0 \\ 3 & 3 & 0 \end{array} \right] \left[ \begin{array}{c} v_1 \\ v_2 \\ v_3 \end{array} \right] = \left[ \begin{array}{c} 0 \\ 0 \\ 0 \end{array} \right]$$

is wrong, there should be a 1 there instead of a 0.

#### Mathman23

Corneo said:
Check your eigenvalues again. I get $$\lambda = 0,1,2$$

Hi again

thats because I typed my matrix wrong

$$A = \left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 2 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 3 & 3 & -1 \end{array} \right]$$

Sincerley

Fred

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