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Urgent Math Help - Normally distributed probability density function

  1. Oct 31, 2004 #1
    Suppose that X and Y are independent random variables, where X is normally distributed with mean 45 and standard deviation 0.5 and Y is normally distributed with mean 20 and standard deviation 0.1.

    (a) [tex] Find \ P(40 \leq X \leq 50, \ 20 \leq Y \leq 25). [/tex] Ans. ~0.5
    (b) [tex] Find \ P(4(X-45)^2+100(Y-20)^2 \leq 2). [/tex] Ans. ~0.632

    Part (a) is easy. I used Maple to find the double integral of the joint density function from [tex] 40 \leq X \leq 50, \ 20 \leq Y \leq 25. [/tex] and I get 0.5

    Part (b) is my problem. How do I find the limits of integration? I tried solving for X and Y but I couldn't get that to work. Am I missing something easy here? Please please please help me! This assignment is due tomorrow and I've been stuck on this problem for days. :cry:
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 1, 2004 #2

    Tide

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    Your region is a small ellipse centered on (45, 20) with a semimajor radius of 1/sqrt(2) and semiminor radius of 1/sqrt(50).
     
  4. Nov 1, 2004 #3

    ehild

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    Notice that
    [tex] 4(X-45)^2 = (\frac{X-45}{0.5})^2= u^2 \mbox{ and } 100(Y-20)^2= (\frac{Y-20}{0.1})^2=v^2 [/tex].
    u and v are the standard variables for X and Y, respectively. They are normally distributed with zero mean and standard deviation 1.

    The condition [tex] u^2+v^2\leq 2 [/tex] means that the point(u,v) is inside a circle of radius [tex]\sqrt{2}[/tex]

    [tex]P(u^2+v^2 \leq 2) = \frac{1}{2\pi}\int\int\exp(-\frac{u^2+v^2}{2})du dv[/tex]
    Use polar coordinates and then your problem reduces to calculate

    [tex]P(r\leq\sqrt{2})=\int_0^{2\pi}\int_0^{\sqrt(2)}{\exp(-r^2/2)rdrd\phi[/tex]


    ehild
     
  5. Nov 3, 2004 #4
    Thanks for the help guys. Unfortunately, I couldn't get this particular problem finished in time to turn it in but I appreciate the help anyway. At least I understand it somewhat now. Thanks again!
     
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