# Homework Help: Using Kirchhoff's Rules

1. Nov 6, 2012

### PirateFan308

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
What must the emf ε in the figure be in order for the current through the 7.00 ohm resistor to be 1.75A? Each emf source has negligible internal resistance.

2. Relevant equations
Kirchhoff's Rule:
$\sum I=0$ junction rule

$\sum V=0$ loop rule

3. The attempt at a solution
I have drawn my current directions as shown in the attachment below.

By the junction rule, I know that $I_2 = I_3+I_1$ and it is given that $I_2=1.75A$.

I drew a loop clockwise around the entire thing and came up with the following equation:

$24V-(7 ohm)(1.75A)-(I_1)(3 ohm) = 0$

so that I have

$I_1 = (24V-12.25V)/3= 3.92A$

and then

$I_3 = I_2 - I_1 = 2.17$

Drawing loop 2 clockwise within the right inner loop I have the following equation:

$-(7 ohm)(I_2) - (I_3)(2 ohm) + ε = 0$

solving for ε, I get

$ε = (12.25V)+(4.34V) = 16.59V$

Also, if I draw a clockwise loop inside the right inner loop, I have the following equation:

$-ε + (I_3)(2 ohm) - (I_1)(3 ohm) + 24 V = 0$

which simplifies to

$ε = 16.58V$

I can find no mistakes (and I have checked over my work a few times) but it is the wrong answer. Could anyone please help me? Thanks!

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2. Nov 6, 2012

### SammyS

Staff Emeritus
That should be $I_3 = I_2 - I_1 = -2.17\text{A}$

3. Nov 6, 2012

### PirateFan308

Thank you soo much! I can't believe I missed that - I was freaking out thinking I had the completely wrong idea. Thanks!