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Valley degrees of freedom

  1. Jul 4, 2015 #1
    Could someone please explain what valley degrees of freedom are?
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 4, 2015 #2


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    What "valley" do you mean?
  4. Jul 4, 2015 #3
    As a local minimum/maximum on the valence/conduction band in semiconductors.
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