# Vector Space Problem

#### physicsss

Is the following a vector space:
the set of all ordered triples of real numbers, {x1,x2,x3)}, usual addition, and r(x1,x2,x3)=(0,0,0), all numbers r

I think this is a vector space since it is the vector (0,0,0), but I'm not sure how to show the work for it.

Thanks in adv.

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#### quetzalcoatl9

physicsss said:
Is the following a vector space:
the set of all ordered triples of real numbers, {x1,x2,x3)}, usual addition, and r(x1,x2,x3)=(0,0,0), all numbers r

I think this is a vector space since it is the vector (0,0,0), but I'm not sure how to show the work for it.

Thanks in adv.
what is the definition of a vector space?

check each of the criteria against what you have, and if all of the criteria are satisfied then it is a vector space.

#### matt grime

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physicsss said:
Is the following a vector space:
the set of all ordered triples of real numbers, {x1,x2,x3)}, usual addition, and r(x1,x2,x3)=(0,0,0), all numbers r

I think this is a vector space since it is the vector (0,0,0), but I'm not sure how to show the work for it.

Thanks in adv.
why is it the vector (0,0,0)? it states it is the set of ALL triples...

#### mathwonk

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you need to read your definition of vector space. In my book it is the following:

A "vector space" over the field k, is an abelian group (V,+) together with a way to multiply elements of V by elements of k, such that if x,y are in k, and v,w are in V then (x+y)v = xv+yv, 1v = v, x(v+w) = xv+xw, and (xy)v = x(yv).

does your example satisfy these?

#### physicsss

matt grime said:
why is it the vector (0,0,0)? it states it is the set of ALL triples...
For r(x1,x2,x3)=(0,0,0) to be true, either x1, x2, and x2 have to all zeros or r has to be zero. That's the only two things that work.

#### matt grime

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no, that isn't what the question states (as you have written it, read what you wrote, you declared the underlying set to be ALL the elements in R^3). you are assuming that the "old" scalar mult is being used. it isn't, it is a "new" scalar mult. albeit one that fails to actually be a proper scalr mult (see mathwonk's post) and thus the set RxRxR with this "new" scalar mult is not a vector space.

yes, with the old mult the only way for r((x,y,z) to be zero for all r is if (0,0,0) is the only element of R^3 we are considering, but that isn't what we're doing, nor are we asking, given these new rules, what subsets of R^3 are a vector space.

EXAMPLE, given the subset of RxR consisting of all pairs (x,a) where a is a FIXED number with the "new" addition (x,a)+(y,a)=(x+y,a) and scalr mult. of k(x,a)=(kx,a) is a vector space. but if were to assume that the opertions were the old ones then this is only true if a=0.

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#### physicsss

I kinda get it now.
So since the vector doesn't satisfy the fellowing identity of 1*u=u, where u is a non zero triple (x1,x2,x3), it is not a vector space?

#### matt grime

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yes.

it is confusing, i imagine, because you are automaticallly associating the usual operations since R^3 is such a well known vector space.

i come across this all the time in group theory when my students assert that the integers with the operation

x@y=x+y-1

where + is the usual addition is not a grou becuase 0 is not the identity of @.

remember the rules are applied to the operations as given, thus the identity with respect to @ is 1

#### physicsss

So by that axiom 1*u=u, you can also show that r(x1,x2,x3)=(2*r*x1,2*r*x2,2*r*x3) is not a vector space since 1*u in this case is (2*x1,2*x2,2*x3)?

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Yes, Anyone?

#### matt grime

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you've shown that an axiom is falsified, what more was there to say to you?

#### physicsss

physicsss said:
So by that axiom 1*u=u, you can also show that r(x1,x2,x3)=(2*r*x1,2*r*x2,2*r*x3) is not a vector space since 1*u in this case is (2*x1,2*x2,2*x3)?
I just wasn't so sure about if the above was right and was asking if I was doing it correctly since the concept of vector space is still new to me.

#### matt grime

Science Advisor
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it's nothing to do with vector spaces; it is deductive reasoning.

You know all X's must satisfy Y, you know Z doesn't satisfy Y, therefore Z isn't an X. no mention of vector spaces.

#### mathwonk

Science Advisor
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you must get used to the fact that we want you to decide for yourself if you are right. i.e. to get to where you look at your argument to see if it is logically sound, rather than asking us to confirm it for you.

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