1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Velocities of 2 ladder points

  1. Oct 17, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A ladder is at a 60degree angle with a wall and is let to go down. We have to find the velocity of the point that touches the wall(B) and the point that touches the floor(A). Note that we have only completed vectors so no forces are probably to be taken into consideration.


    2. Relevant equations
    u(a)=dx(a)/dt and u(b)=dx(b)/dt.


    3. The attempt at a solution
    Is it possible to find the velocities or am I missing a clue?So far tried a lot of things but can't find them.

    It appears that x(b)/x(a) = sqrt(3). Is there maybe a link between the 2 velocities that I'm missing?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 17, 2011 #2

    ehild

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Make a coordinate system with x axis along the floor and the y axis along the wall. The length of the ladder is L and y^2+x^2=L^2.

    Take the time derivative of this equation. Use that dx/dt= u(a) and dy/dt=u(b). Find the relation between u(a) and u(b) in terms of x/y. You have found already that x/y = sqrt(3).

    ehild
     

    Attached Files:

  4. Oct 17, 2011 #3
    Well since the time I posted I have done quite some studying and thought of a way to solve the problem, although highly uncertainly. I have turned the ladder into a vector r and written :

    dr/dt=dr(x)/dt * x + dr(y)/dt * y = u(x)*x + u(y)*y (1)

    The derivative of the vector will be as shown and known: dr/dt = dθ/dt * η where
    η=cos(90-θ)*x + sin(90-θ)*y = sinθ*x + cosθ*y (2)

    therefore u(x)=dθ/dt * sinθ and u(y)=dθ/dt * cosθ.


    Where am I wrong??

    (forgot to say I really appreciate your help ehild, given the time!)
     

    Attached Files:

  5. Oct 18, 2011 #4

    ehild

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    You have two points which move along the axes. The position vectors are [itex] \vec {r_a}=x_a \hat x[/itex] and [itex] \vec {r_b}=y_b \hat y[/itex], the velocity vectors are [itex]\vec {u_a}=u(a)\hat x[/itex] and [itex] \vec {u_b}=u(b) \hat y[/itex].

    The length of the ladder is L, which does not change during the motion so its time derivative is zero. [itex] x_a^2+y_b^2=L^2[/itex], so

    [itex] 2x_a dx_a/dt +y_b dy_b/dt =0[/itex], that is

    [itex] x_a u(a) +y_b u(b) =0[/itex]

    ehild
     
  6. Oct 18, 2011 #5
    Yes with the exception of the L factor that I added a while ago the equations I have derived seem correct, and come from the equations that you have presented, I derived them in a different fashion. I guess I didn't know what I was supposed to take for granted. There's no way to know the velocities without the functions for x and y then, right? Thanks again.
     
  7. Oct 18, 2011 #6

    ehild

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    You can find the ratio of the velocities at the given angle.
    It is not clear what the question is. If you have two find the velocities as functions of time, you need to use some Physics. Newton's laws, force and torque, moment of inertia.

    ehild
     
  8. Oct 19, 2011 #7
    Yea you're right. I guess the teacher wanted the ratio, he wasn't very clear I guess. Anyway problem solved!
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook