Hi, Just a quick trig. question: What's the best way to expand sin(A)sin^3(B) into a suitable form for integration? (A and B are both functions of x here. As it happens, A = j*pi*x/a and B = pi*x/a) I have written an expression in terms of elements such as cos(A-B), cos(A+B) etc., but it's a little long, and I'm inclined to think there might be a shorter way of doing it -- something obvious that I'm not thinking of (?). My final result: 3/8*cos(A-B) - 3/8*cos(A+B) + 1/8*cos(A+3B) - 1/8*cos(A-3B) (I used identities for sinAsinB, and for cosAcosB several times, and for cos 2B). Cheers!