Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Vibration amplitude

  1. Jul 20, 2005 #1
    A structure withstands a vibration of amplitude x and frequency y for z number of cycles. How many number of cycles the structure will withstand if the vibration amplitude is doubled. How many number of cycles the structure will withstand if the vibration frequency is doubled?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 21, 2005 #2

    Gokul43201

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    There is no numerical answer to such questions. given the lack of description.

    The number of cycles to failure (N) is related to the cycle amplitude through an exponential relation [itex]N = A \cdot S^{-k} [/itex] which is typically plotted as a linear fit on a half-log plot, known as an S-N curve. (google "S-N curve fatigue" and look at images). The exponent in the relation is highly material dependent. Also, this behavior is only one possible kind of fatigue known as high-cycle fatigue (where loading is essentially restricted to the elastic regime). If stresses, are much higher (into the plastic regime), you have low-cycle fatigue, for which the cycles to failure (N) is related to the amplitude of plastic strain (again, by an exponential plot), and you can not relate this to a stress amplitude without a stress-strain curve.

    The actual frequency does not enter into S-N relationships, to a first order approximation. I expect, it will only enter as a factor (a term in the exponent) of the same order as the strain rate sensitivity index.

    Moving this to Materials Engg ....
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?