Visualizing a plane

  • Thread starter DWill
  • Start date
70
0
I'm having trouble visualizing what the graph of the plane x + y + z = 2 looks like. It is easier for me to graph equations of 2 variables. Also, I thought equations of 2 variables are "planes", while equations of 3 variables are of a solid? Is there any steps to follow or something to graph these equations of 3 variables?
 

Defennder

Homework Helper
2,579
5
I'm having trouble visualizing what the graph of the plane x + y + z = 2 looks like. It is easier for me to graph equations of 2 variables.
Trying graphing for selected values of z. Let z=0, z=-1, z=1 for example. Then visualise a plane connecting those lines for those respective z values in 3D.

Also, I thought equations of 2 variables are "planes", while equations of 3 variables are of a solid? Is there any steps to follow or something to graph these equations of 3 variables?
There are lines and planes in 3D as well which may require 3 variables to represent. You can't, for example, represent the equation of a line in 3D by a single equation. The steps you should follow in visualising are about graphing what the "level sets" or "level curves" would look like for a specific value of z,x or why.
 

HallsofIvy

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
41,700
872
It requires 3 numbers to designate point in 3 dimensions (that's why it is 3 dimensions!) If you write a single equation connecting those three numbers, then, given any two you could solve for the third. That's why a single equation, in 3 dimensions, represents a two dimensional object such as a plane.

One way you can "visualize" a plane is to use the "intercepts" like in 2 dimensional graphing of a line. Any point on the z-axis, for example, has both x and y equal to 0. In your example, x+ y+ z= 2, if x and y are both equal to 0, z= 2. The plane must contain the point (0, 0, 2). In fact, for that equation it is easy to see that the other two intercepts are (2, 0, 0) and (0, 2, 0). Those three points form a triangle and the portiona of the plane in the first "octant" (where the 3 variables are all positive) is the interior of that triangle. The plane itself "lies on" that triangle.

Defennnder's method, of looking at different of z, also works very nicely for non-linear functions in which the surfaces are not planes. It gives the "countour maps" just like geodesic maps of mountains that show altitude.
 
654
3
I recommend you calculate the plane normal vector for easier visualization.
 

Related Threads for: Visualizing a plane

Replies
4
Views
672
  • Posted
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • Posted
Replies
8
Views
2K
  • Posted
Replies
3
Views
5K
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Posted
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • Posted
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • Posted
Replies
8
Views
6K

Physics Forums Values

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving

Hot Threads

Top