# Volterra equations

1. Oct 4, 2009

### sara_87

I am reading an example from a book on Volterra equations but there's one point i dont understand. the book says:
for certain types of linear integrodifferential equations, the reduction can be made directly by integration. consider for instance, the linear equation:

$$f'(t) - \int^{t}_{0}k(t,s)f(s) ds=g(t)$$,
with f(0)=f0. Integrating this we get:
$$f(t)- \int^{t}_{0}$$$$\int^{T}_{0}k(T,s)f(s) dsdT=G(t)$$

I don't understand how that can be derived by integration.

2. Oct 4, 2009

### tiny-tim

Hi sara_87! smile:

It's the "fundamental theorem of calculus" …

the derivative of ∫at f(x) dx = f(t)

3. Oct 4, 2009

### sara_87

but where did the T and G come from?

4. Oct 4, 2009

### tiny-tim

If that's g'(t) in the top line, then G is simply g.

T is just a "dummy" value of t.

Try differentiating the bottom equation, and you'll see that it works!

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