# Volume of a cone

1. Jan 13, 2006

### twoflower

Hi,

I have this problem:

Compute volume of solid bounded by these planes:

$$z = 1$$

$$z^2 = x^2 + y^2$$

When I draw it, it's cone standing on its top in the origin and cut with the $z = 1$ plane.

So after converting to cylindrical coordinates:

$$x = r\cos \phi$$

$$y = r\sin \phi$$

$$z = z$$

$$|J_{f}(r,\phi,z)| = r$$

I get

$$0 \leq z \leq 1$$

$$0 \leq \phi \leq 2\pi$$

$$0 \leq r \leq 1$$

And

$$V = \iiint_{M}\ dx\ dy\ dz\ =\ \int_{0}^{2\pi}\int_{0}^{1}\int_{0}^{1} r\ dr\ dz\ d\phi$$

But I got $\pi$ as a result, which is obviously incorrect :(

Can you see where I am doing a mistake?

Thank you!

2. Jan 13, 2006

### Staff: Mentor

Your limits of integration on r are wrong. Note that your maximum r changes as a function of z. What you are (correctly) calculating here is the volume of a unit cylinder, not a cone.

-Dale

3. Jan 13, 2006

### twoflower

I thought so...anyway, I still can't see what's wrong. When I draw it in x-z 2D plane, I see that the cone is bounded by curve $z = r$ as a "right side" (which is what I got from expressing z from the original equations and using cylindrical coordinates) and $z = -r[/tex] as a "left side". So because [itex]0 \leq z \leq 1$ also $0 \leq r \leq 1$.

Why isn't it correct?

EDIT: Oh, I maybe see it now..Gonna try that and possibly write again..

4. Jan 13, 2006

### Staff: Mentor

Well, you probably got it now anyway, but just in case I will tell you before I have to go for the evening. Basically instead of integrating r over 0 to 1 you need to integrate r over 0 to z.
$$V = \iiint_{M}\ dx\ dy\ dz\ =\ \int_{0}^{2\pi}\int_{0}^{1}\int_{0}^{z} r\ dr\ dz\ d\phi$$

Do you see how this is a cone and the previous integration was a cylinder?

-Dale

5. Jan 13, 2006

### krab

Divide the cone into discs of thickness dz. The radius of each is equal to z, so area is piz^2. Now just integrate:

$$\int_0^1\pi z^2dz=\pi/3$$

6. Jan 14, 2006

### twoflower

Yes, that's exactly how I finally did it. Thank you DaleSpam!

Thank you Krab, nice approach actually...