(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

You have a cylinder standing upright. Now, imagine a plane cutting the cylinder in half diagonaly from bottom left to top right.

Develop a function for the volume of the half-cylinder (the top left piece) as a function of its height. Volume would be liquid rising from the bottom of the piece up to the top.

The only variables I have are radius of the cylinder, and height of the cylinder.

This isn't a homework problem... it's an oddly shaped tank I need to develop a curve for, but I figured this is the best place to post.

2. Relevant equations

V = Pi*R^2*H -not very usefull

A = 1/2 * R^2 * (Theta - Sin(theta)) -This is the area of the segment of a circle made by a chord, where theta is the angle formed by drawing two radii from the center of the circle to each end of the chord.

3. The attempt at a solution

For a solution I'd really like a simple equation and/or something I can reference from a good source.

The way I did it is the following (I'd like something more simple though if it's possible):

Imagine the top view of the half-cylinder tank. As water rises from the bottom, you will see a cross sectional area fill that is equal to an area segment created by a chord. You can take that area and multiply it by a differential height then integrate over the height of the tank.

So I take the equation for the area segment: A = (1/2) * R^2 * (Theta - Sin(Theta))

Theta would start at 0 and increase to 2Pi as the tank fills. However, I need to turn this equation into a function of height (y):

Theta = 2*ArcCos[1-(2y/H)] where H = total height of the tank and y = height

Plug in the new value for theta, and simplify:

A = (1/2) * R^2 * ((2*ArcCos[1-(2y/H)]) - ((1-(2y/H))*(1-(1-(2y/H)^2)^.5))

To make this easier to read I'll consider Z = 1-(2y/H) and substitute it in (I can't use latex on this browser, sorry):

A = (1/2) * R^2 * ((2*ArcCos[Z]) - (Z*(1-Z^2)^.5))

This equation can then be integrated from 0 up to y (where y would be the height of interest).

Solving that integral analytically is very hard (impossible?). I used Excel to numerically integrate, but it is kind of sketchy. I'd like a more simple equation that gives an exact answer if it exists. Thanks for any help.

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# Homework Help: Volume of a Cylinder/Tank

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