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Volume of a Cylinder

  1. Dec 21, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    How would you calculate the volume of a cylindrical tank that is on its side (called a horizontal tank)? Calculate the volume if that tank that is 10 ft. in diameter and 18 ft. long. I already know the answer i just need help understanding how they got the answer
    2. Relevant equations


    3. The attempt at a solution

    math.jpg
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 21, 2014 #2

    SteamKing

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    The radius of the tank is equal to half the diameter: d = 10 feet → r = 10/2 = 5 feet.

    Since the tank is on its side, its length will be equal to the height of a similar cylindrical tank standing on its end, thus h = length = 10 feet.

    Plug numbers into formula, turn crank, out pops volume.

    Only, in this case, the factor of 1/3 doesn't belong in the formula for the volume of a cylindrical tank. Are you sure that the tank wasn't in the shape of a cone or conical?
     
  4. Dec 21, 2014 #3
    is this right
    volume= pi x (5ft)2 x18
    3.14 x 25ft2 x18 ft
    35325ft
     
  5. Dec 21, 2014 #4

    SteamKing

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    No. You've multiplied 3.14 by 252 by 18, instead of multiplying 3.14 by 25 by 18.
     
  6. Dec 21, 2014 #5

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    Also, the units are usually omitted. If you put them in, be consistent. You have units for the radius but left them out for the length of the tank. It should be understood by a reader that the units on the left and right sides are the same; namely, ft3.
     
  7. Dec 21, 2014 #6
    so the correct answer is 3.14 X 25 X18 = 1413ft
     
  8. Dec 21, 2014 #7

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    No, for two reasons.
    1. For a volume with measurements in feet, the volume units are cubic feet.
    2. The correct answer is closer to 1414 cu. ft. Because you used such a crude approximation for ##\pi##, it caused the precision of your calculated volume to be off in the units place.
     
  9. Dec 22, 2014 #8
    this is what is writen on my home work sheet
    For a cylindrical tank, the formula to determine volume is:


    Volume = π r2 h where:
    π = pi, a mathematical constant that equals approximately 3.14


    r = radius of the tank (radius is ½ the diameter)

    h = height of the tank

    Example: A cylindrical tank is 10 ft. in diameter and 20 ft. tall; what is its volume?


    r = 1/2d = ½ x 10 ft = 5 ft.

    h = 20 ft.


    Volume = π x (5 ft)2 x 20 ft

    = 3.14 x 25 ft.2 x 20 ft

    = 1570 ft3
     
  10. Dec 22, 2014 #9

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    Please do something to indicate that a number is an exponent. The simplest thing to do is to use the ^ symbol, as in πr^2 * h.
    Using 3.14 for ##\pi##, the above is the answer you get, but you should be using a better approximation. Most calculators have ##\pi## built in with about 10 decimal place accuracy. Using a more accurate value, the answer is closer to 1571 ft3
     
  11. Dec 22, 2014 #10
    i think i have figured out the answer to my original question
    V = ( pi / 4 ) ( D )^2 ( L )

    V = ( pi / 4 ) ( 10 ft )^2 ( 18 ft )

    V = 450 pi ft^3 = 1413 cu ft
     
  12. Dec 22, 2014 #11

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    If you round to the nearest cubic foot, it's 1414 cu. ft. Apparently you're still using 3.14 for ##\pi##, which is a very crude approximation.
     
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