Volume of Intersection of a Cone with a Sphere

In summary, you would need to find the equations of the area in the intersection of a sphere and a cone, and calculate its volume.
  • #1
sneez
312
0
Hey,

im trying to write a program that computes Volume of Intersection of a Cone with a Sphere. Can anyone point me to the math i need to know.

Any links, material is good. Thanx
 
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  • #2
sneez,

Are you talking about:
a) a specific cone and sphere, or
b) do you want them to be arbitrarily defined with inputs to your program?

a is easy; b isn't so easy, but it's doable (and it would be a lot cooler!)
 
  • #3
Yes b) would be more helpful. thanx


sneez
 
  • #4
anyone knows...?
 
  • #5
An analytic expression (i.e., a formula) is probably not possible for an arbitrary cone and sphere.
You might try to write a Monte-Carlo-type program.
http://www.chem.unl.edu/zeng/joy/mclab/mcintro.html
http://www.library.cornell.edu/nr/bookcpdf/c7-6.pdf
 
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  • #6
An analytic expression (i.e., a formula) is probably not possible for an arbitrary cone and sphere.

I'm sure it is possible. I'll try to get this rigorous in a few hours when I have time - but in summary, you find the equations for 'membership' in each volume (the sphere, the cone), you rearrange them algebraically until they are expressed in terms of integrable parameters. For example:

-use the axis of the cone (parameter a or something)
-at arbitrary a, consider the disk at a bounded by the cone (in other words, the flat circle inside the cone orthogonal to its axis)
-extend this plane to infinity: all such planes have simple form ax+by+cz=d, where all a,b,c are fixed and depend on the cone's axis
-get the equation of the intersection of this plane with the sphere (it's either nothing, or a perfect circle [or a point, but that has no area...])
-get the equations of the area in the intersection of this circle, and the cone (two circles in the same plane - I'd probably first find the arbitrary formula for two circles, radius r1, r2, distance d apart - its not too hard to find) [special case to watch out for - one circle is inside the other]
-repeat, integrating over the axis of the cone ("a")

The integral should be reasonably analytical, if you integrate over precisely that length of the axis along which intersection occurs. Or if it doesn't work, first split the problem into the few possible kinds of intersection, identity the regions, and treat each case individually. I'll revisit this tonight.

-rachmaninoff
 
  • #7
P.S. I'd probably write this in Mathematica.
 
  • #8
Are you assuming a right-circular cone? with finite height?
Are you assuming that the conical axis is radial?
Is the vertex inside or outside the sphere?
A probably not-so-pretty case ["for an arbitrary cone and a sphere"] is a cone with an exterior vertex whose axis is a secant line almost grazing the sphere.
 
  • #9
Plz see the attachment. This is a radar which orbits an earth. I am interested in the area marked in red color. You have to picture it in 3d plus the sattelite signal changes heights as it moves around Earth as it scans up and down (but we could omit that for now). I just need some lead on the math involved...


thanx for help
 

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Related to Volume of Intersection of a Cone with a Sphere

What is the volume of intersection of a cone with a sphere?

The volume of intersection between a cone and a sphere is the amount of space that is shared by both shapes. It is the volume of the portion of the cone that lies within the sphere, or the volume of the portion of the sphere that is cut off by the cone.

How is the volume of intersection of a cone with a sphere calculated?

The volume of intersection can be calculated by subtracting the volume of the cone that is not within the sphere from the volume of the sphere. This can be done by using the formulas for the volume of a cone and a sphere and then taking the difference between the two volumes.

What is the relationship between the cone and sphere that affects the volume of intersection?

The volume of intersection is affected by the size and orientation of the cone and sphere. If the cone is larger or has a wider base, the volume of intersection will be larger. Similarly, if the sphere is larger, the volume of intersection will be smaller. The orientation of the cone and sphere also plays a role in the volume of intersection.

Is the volume of intersection of a cone with a sphere always a finite number?

Yes, the volume of intersection between a cone and a sphere is always a finite number. This is because both shapes have finite volumes and the volume of intersection is simply the shared space between them.

How can the volume of intersection of a cone with a sphere be useful in real-world applications?

The volume of intersection can be useful in various fields such as architecture, engineering, and physics. It can help in designing structures that involve both cone and sphere shapes, such as domes and arches. It can also be used in calculating the volume of liquids or gases in tanks with cone or sphere-shaped bottoms. In physics, it can be used in calculating the volume of a gas that is contained in a spherical container with a cone-shaped inlet or outlet.

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