Water is a dipole right? Having a slightly positive side and a negative side. If this is true, then won't water molecules have a certain arrangement or pattern? Due to the "poles" attracting and repelling? Just like how magnets, which when stuck on sticks in a grid format, will self-organize into a certain pattern. Why does water expand when it is cooled to a certain temperature(if i remember correctly, it's 4 degrees celsius)? Is it because of its slight positive and negative sides? Also since electrons are orbiting the nucleus, when those electrons like move close to each other, won't they repel and cause the outer electron to "fly away"? You know how they calculate the overall charge of atoms. If there is an equal number of protons and an equal number of electrons, then the overall charge is zero. Does this imply that the protons's positive charge and the electron's negative charge have the same "force"? If they have the same "force", when something, eg. a positive particle, is near the outside of an atom. And the atom has both 5 protons and 5 electrons, won't the atom attract the positive particle? 'Cause the positive particle is nearer to the electron then the protons, so the electrons should exert a stronger attraction force on it then the repulsion force of the protons.