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In a QM introductory book , I have read that the wave packet is not a solution of the Schrodinger equation, is this true in some context or is it just an mistake of the author?
Why? The Schrödinger equation is linear also in the presence of a potential, so you can still create a wave packet solution by superposing an infinity of solutions (all solutions if the system with potential of course).It depends on the potential. If there is a potential, then the wave packet is not a solution. If there is no potential, then the Hamiltonian describes a free field, in which case a wave packet is a solution, and the Schrodinger equation describes how the packet moves and spreads out through time. The easiest way to see this is to break the wave packet apart into different energy eigenstates (this is just a Fourier expansion), which are trivial solutions of the SE.
Well, I guess it depends on what you mean by "wave packet". If you define it as "some Gaussian-looking thing that moves around and spreads out, but always looks like a Gaussian", then I'm pretty sure it's only true if you don't have a potential. Of course you can always set up something that looks like a Gaussian at a specific point in time, the key is whether it will continue to look like one after time evolution. I can't remember exactly what will happen if you try that in a potential--one would assume that if you did it in a very very weak potential field it would still basically look like a Gaussian, but in general I don't think it's going to stay very well localized if you've got something strong like a big square well or an SHO or something. In the particular case of a square well, I know it will slosh around between the walls, and interfere with itself, and eventually settle down to pretty much occupying the entire square well evenly. So in that case, it's probably valid to say that it's no longer a wave packet.Why? The Schrödinger equation is linear also in the presence of a potential, so you can still create a wave packet solution by superposing an infinity of solutions (all solutions if the system with potential of course).