Wavelengths of photon

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

The wavelength of the photon emitted when a hydrogen atom undergoes a transition from the k state to the n = 1 state is around 94.8 nm. How much is k?

2. Relevant equations

1/lambda= 1.97x10^7(1/1^2-1/k^2)

3. The attempt at a solution

1/9.48x10^-8=1.097x10^7(1-1/k^2)
10548523,71=1.097x10^7(1-1/k^2)
.9615791437=1-1/k^2
-.03384208563=-1/k^2
26.02753028=k^2
k=5.1 i thought it had to be an integer? do i just round off?

and im also a bit confused because when i get the energy of transition= hc/lambda, it is equal to 1.31, but (energyK-energyN=energy of transition) .544-13.6= is not even close to 1.31 and i thought it was supposed to equal 1.31 (hf, energy transition) or is that only when the photon absorbs, :/ a bit confused help out please
 

Tom Mattson

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Science Advisor
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1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

The wavelength of the photon emitted when a hydrogen atom undergoes a transition from the k state to the n = 1 state is around 94.8 nm. How much is k?

2. Relevant equations

1/lambda= 1.97x10^7(1/1^2-1/k^2)

3. The attempt at a solution

1/9.48x10^-8=1.097x10^7(1-1/k^2)
10548523,71=1.097x10^7(1-1/k^2)
.9615791437=1-1/k^2
-.03384208563=-1/k^2
26.02753028=k^2
k=5.1 i thought it had to be an integer? do i just round off?
Yes. [itex]k=5[/itex].

and im also a bit confused because when i get the energy of transition= hc/lambda, it is equal to 1.31, but (energyK-energyN=energy of transition) .544-13.6= is not even close to 1.31 and i thought it was supposed to equal 1.31 (hf, energy transition) or is that only when the photon absorbs, :/ a bit confused help out please
You miscalculated. The transition energy is 13.1eV, not 1.31eV.
 
o ok.
stupid me i see what i did now.
and btw
how do you know when a photon is absorbing energy?
is it when the photon energy is the same to the energy transition? but im kind of confused because i thought they were always equal to each other
 

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