Hi i'm studying for a test, and in the suggested reading book review has a few equations that they talk about but i'm not dont really understand how it jumps from one thing to another? the book is very vauge..... I've broken the parts i dont understand into A,B,C (I used w = omega) A)IT shows a graph, explain that the end of a string is given a transverse displacement phi=cosw1t+cosw2t where the two frequencies are almost equal and w1>w2 the resultant motion is a travelling wave of angular frequency (w1+w2)/2, modulated by n envelope which is a travelling wave of (w1-w2)/2 There the speed of this envelop is (w1-w2)/(k1-k2) ....? I dont understand how they got that? B) A system with dipersion relation w=ak^r....a and r are constants because v(sub g)=xv(sub phi) at all wave frequencies. i duno where then got the other variables v(sub g)? i know that v(sub phi) =c(1+ak^2)^1/2 but i dont understand how they relate? C) a beaded string above cut off, the dependence of k on frequency is given by w=w(sub c) cosh1/2ka showing a graph, How does k depend on the frequency? i know a beaded string can exhibit high freq cut off and that the part od the system vibrates in anti phase with each other...and k=(pi/a)-ik where k can be found as a function by replacing k=pi/a in w/w(sub c)= sin (1/2 Ka-i1/2ka) but i'm not sure how?