1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

What amount of heat should be transferred to the gas

  1. Jan 26, 2005 #1
    we havent gone over this in class and its due for points and i have no idea how to do it...

    A diatomic gas is confined to a closed container of volume 24.0m3 and pressure 3.03×105 Pa. What amount of heat should be transferred to the gas to increase the pressure by a factor of 6?
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 26, 2005 #2


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Is this all the data from the problem...?Don't they give you the mass of the gas,or any other piece of information?

  4. Jan 26, 2005 #3
    nope, thats all that is given get. :bugeye:
  5. Jan 26, 2005 #4
    isochoric or isothermic

    with that data I can say it isn't an adiabatic or isobaric, the it could be isochoric or isothermic process. Do you know if you must get that final pressure with volume variation? or the volume is constant?

    Some other stuff: if this is an ideal diatomic gas then the gamma coefficient (that is the division of caloric capacities for constant pressure and volume) is 7/5.
  6. Jan 26, 2005 #5
    Surely the process with that data is isochoric, then the Heat Q that must be provided to system is, without a doubt:


    This integral must be evaluted for final temperature an initial one. If the gas is ideal, then:


    where n is the moles of gas Cv the molar caloric capacity at constant volume and Tf-Ti is variation of temperature.

    For an ideal diatomic gas, the molar Cv is (5*R)/2 where R is the universal gas constant.

    The variation of T must be obtained from the ideal gas state equation:


    for the initial and final coordinates (initial pressure: pi, initial volume:Vi, final pressure: pf, final volume:Vf):


    rest the first eq to the second one and you obtain:


    substitute this valour of variation of T in the Q expression and you will obtain:



    or reducing the terms in eq:


    since pf=6*pi and Vf=Vi (this is the data of your problem)



    the units are subjective, I recommend to use Joules instead of BTU or other energy and heat units. Convert the data you have (pressures und volumes) to the adhoc units, then substitute the values in the last expression. and you get the answer. if you want to get in Joules convert the pressures to Pascals and the volumes to m^3. since the units of pascal are N/(m^2), pressure times volume is N*m, that unit is J (Joule), then you can easily convert it to BTU or whatever unit you want.
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?