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What does this paper say?

  1. Aug 12, 2005 #1

    wolram

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    We calculate the spectrum of density fluctuations in models of inflation based on a weakly self-coupled scalar matter field minimally coupled to gravity, and specifically investigate the dependence of the predictions on modifications of the physics on length scales smaller than the Planck length. These modifications are encoded in terms of modified dispersion relations. Whereas for some classes of dispersion relations the predictions are unchanged compared to the usual ones which are based on a linear dispersion relation, for other classes important differences are obtained, involving tilted spectra, spectra with exponential factors and with oscillations. We conclude that the predictions of inflationary cosmology in these models are not robust against changes in the super-Planck-scale physics.

    Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure. One important correction in the Corley/Jacobson case with b_m>0 and some misprints corrected. To appear in Mod. Phys. Lett. A









    http://citebase.eprints.org/cgi-bin/citations?id=oai:arXiv.org:astro-ph/0005432
     
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  3. Aug 12, 2005 #2

    selfAdjoint

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    Let's take it piece by piece:

    The density of matter in the universe will fluctuate depending on the physics; the fluctuations will come at various frequencies and the strengths of the fluctuations at each frequency form the spectrum. This can be estimated from the observations of the CMB.

    They introduce this simple field - it just has a magnitude, like a temperature, not any particle properties - as a surrogate for various microphysics theories (gravitons or quantum gravity theories).

    Dispersion relations are the physicists' way to express things like scattering and refraction, typically of light, but also in this case the despersion of those density fluctuations, whose history we can estimate from the CMB data. By varying their field, they can represent different theories of gravity at the Planck scale, and calculate the resulting dispersion relations in each case.

    And they claim to find a strong effect; some microphysics changes the dispersion relations so that the history of the fluctuations doesn't match what we observe. While this COULD be due to their approximation (that scalar field), it is clearly a suspicious behavior caused by different kinds of microphysics. Thus a possible way to support some of them and falsify others.
     
    Last edited: Aug 12, 2005
  4. Aug 12, 2005 #3

    wolram

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    Thank you SA,
    nd they claim to find a strong effect; some microphysics changes the dispersion relations so that the history of the fluctuations doesn't match what we observe. While this COULD be due to their approximation (that scalar field), it is clearly a suspicious behavior caused by different kinds of microphysics. Thus a possible way to support some of them and falsify others.
     
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