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What is e in Pe^rt?

  1. Mar 20, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Here is the problem that made me confused at first, now I'm just annoyed. I know I got the right answer for this problem as seen below, but I'm annoyed by the fact that no one has explained what the heck "e" is. Will someone please explain to me what exactly "e" is, so I can get past this issue I have. Even though I can figure out the answer, I can't stop thinking about it until I figure out what it is and where it came from. Thank you, who ever helps me with this problem.

    After 15 years, there is $10,000 in an account that was compounded continuously at 6%. How much was in the account originally?


    2. Relevant equations

    A = Pe^rt

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I'm searching for P, so I set my equation up like this:

    10000 = Pe^.06*15

    Then I get:

    10000 = Pe^.9

    Which leads to:

    10000 = P(2.459603111) "Sorry I like to be as precise as possible until the end"

    Leaving:

    P ≈ 4065.70
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 20, 2012 #2

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

  4. Mar 20, 2012 #3

    HallsofIvy

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor

    Mark, when I go to that page, I see "Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name".

    d.smith292, "e" is the base of the "natural exponential" function. It is called "natural" because one can show by Calculus that the derivative (rate of change) of the function [itex]f(x)= a^x[/itex] is a constant times [itex]a^x[/itex] itself. It happens that the constant is 1 if a is a specific real number that happens to be approximately 2.718... That is, e is defined as the real number such that the derivative of ex is just ex itself.
     
  5. Mar 20, 2012 #4

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    Thanks! I didn't get all of the URL -- the final parenthesis was missing. I've fixed it now.
     
  6. Mar 20, 2012 #5
    e is a number that comes up a lot. It's used for math, bio, finance , etc... You will probably see it in more depth when you learn calculus. For now e is just another constant like π. We assign it a letter because its decimals are non repetitive and non terminating. It's actually very cool when you think about how one particular number is so significant in various different fields. :cool:
     
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