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What is luminosity physically

  1. Aug 28, 2010 #1
    I cannot get a feel of what is luminosity physically.......

    Can anyone explain me the difference between energy transfer in terms of brightness (which is measured in Watts) and luminosity (which requires a new definition of units, candela)??
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 28, 2010 #2
    Re: Luminosity

    Try not to be confused when dealing with Watts.
    It's easy to think that a 100 watt light bulb is brighter than a 60 watt bulb, but it's only true for bulbs of the same type. A 25 watt bulb of a different type can match or even exceed the brightness of the original 100 watt bulb.

    A "watt" is a relationship of voltage and current. It should not be considered a measure of brightness.
     
  4. Aug 28, 2010 #3

    Andy Resnick

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    Re: Luminosity

    Radiometry has (possibly) the most horrid system of units in all of science, except for Photometry. "Brightness" is a photometric quantity (how your vision responds) related to the radiometric quantity 'radiance'. Radiance has units of W/sr*m^2 and is the most basic way to describe a source: how much power is emitted (W/m^2) and in what direction that radiation propagates. Radiance is conserved for all optical systems that do not have absorption present.

    The fundamental relationship for radiative energy transport takes into account not only the amount of radiated power, but also the relative orientations of the two surfaces (which is why there's steradians floating around)

    A candela (Cd) is a radiometric unit of "radiant intensity" has units of W/sr: in what direction the radiated power propagates. "Radiant flux" is a radiometric quantity with units of W: how much energy flows through a surface per unit time.

    Edit: photometric units, like brightness and luminance, take into account the fact that your eye does not respond to all wavelengths the same- you are much more sensitive to green than far-red (or far-blue). There's a 'standard curve', the luminosity function, that allows you to convert from radiometric to photometric units, but it's far more difficult to convert a photometric unit to a radiometric unit.

    Hope this helps...
     
  5. Aug 29, 2010 #4
    Re: Luminosity

    thankyou...... but im still not able to grasp that why is candela a fundamental unit if it can be derived from power and angles. explain plz.......
     
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