What is the character of the electroweak force?

This unification occurred at 246 GeV, and above this threshold, the electroweak force remains a long-range force.
  • #1
sergiokapone
302
17
As we know, the electromagnetic force is the long range force, and an weak force is the short range force. According to Weinberg-Salam-Gashow the electromagnetic and weak force is a manifestation of one single electroweak force. Unification of the forces became at 246 GeV. What is the character of the electroweak force above unification energies of interacting particles (say, between two electrons at a some distance)?
Will it still be long-range?
 
Physics news on Phys.org
  • #2
At energies above the unification threshold, the electroweak force is still considered to be a long-range force. At these higher energy levels, the electromagnetic and weak forces are unified into a single electroweak force. This means that the same force is responsible for the interactions between two electrons at some distance, regardless of how large that distance may be.
 

Related to What is the character of the electroweak force?

1. What is the electroweak force?

The electroweak force is one of the four fundamental forces of nature, along with gravity, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force. It is responsible for interactions between electrically charged particles and is essential for the structure and behavior of matter at the subatomic level.

2. How does the electroweak force differ from the electromagnetic force?

The electroweak force is a unified force that combines the electromagnetic force and the weak nuclear force. At high energies, these two forces are indistinguishable, but at lower energies, the electroweak force splits into two distinct forces. The electromagnetic force is responsible for interactions between charged particles, while the weak nuclear force is responsible for radioactive decay.

3. What is the role of the Higgs boson in the electroweak force?

The Higgs boson is an elementary particle that is responsible for giving mass to other particles through the Higgs mechanism. In the Standard Model of particle physics, the Higgs boson is a crucial component of the electroweak force, as it interacts with the W and Z bosons, which are carriers of the weak nuclear force.

4. How does the electroweak force play a role in the formation of atoms?

The electroweak force plays a crucial role in the formation of atoms by allowing for the binding of electrons to the nucleus. Without the electroweak force, atoms would not be able to exist, and the universe would be a chaotic mix of free-floating particles.

5. What are the implications of the electroweak force for our understanding of the universe?

The electroweak force, along with the other fundamental forces, is essential for our understanding of the universe and how it functions at the most basic level. It helps explain the behavior of matter and energy and has led to significant advancements in fields such as particle physics and cosmology.

Similar threads

  • High Energy, Nuclear, Particle Physics
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • High Energy, Nuclear, Particle Physics
Replies
13
Views
2K
  • High Energy, Nuclear, Particle Physics
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • High Energy, Nuclear, Particle Physics
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • High Energy, Nuclear, Particle Physics
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • High Energy, Nuclear, Particle Physics
Replies
3
Views
911
  • High Energy, Nuclear, Particle Physics
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • High Energy, Nuclear, Particle Physics
Replies
2
Views
1K
  • High Energy, Nuclear, Particle Physics
Replies
4
Views
3K
  • High Energy, Nuclear, Particle Physics
Replies
14
Views
3K
Back
Top