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What is the decrease in kinetic energy during the collision?

  1. Nov 13, 2003 #1
    Problem 25.
    A railroad car with a mass of 2.31*10^4kg moving at 3.59m/s collides
    and joins with two railroad cars already joined together, each with
    the same mass as the single car and initially noving in the same
    direction at 1.34m/s.
    b.What is the decrease in kinetic energy during the collision? Answer
    in units of J.
    Note: I find out that the final speed of the joined cars were 2.09m/s.
    When I found the difference of kinetic energy I found the final kinetic energy by multiplying .5(2.31*10^4)(2.09)^2 by 3 to get 151,354.665. As a result my answer was -38,981.25 which I found out was wrong. What did I do wrong?

    Problem 15.
    Given: g=9.81m/s^2.
    A 2.22 kg ball is attached to a ceiling by a 1.39m long string. The
    height of the room is 3.60m. What is the gravational potential energy associated with the ball relative to
    a. the ceiling?
    Note:Would you use mgh=PE and have m=2.22 g=9.81 and h=3.60?
    c. a point at the same elevation as the ball?
    Note: How would you do it?
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 13, 2003 #2

    Doc Al

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Re: Physics

    For the first problem, your solution looks OK to me. You found the change in total KE; perhaps they wanted change in KE for the third car alone.

    For the second problem, use PE = mgh, where h is measured from your reference point. Relative to the ceiling, h = - 1.39; relative to the height of the ball, h = 0.0.
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