# What is the speed of the rock physics

#### melodrameric

Again another work/kinetic energy problem I need help with.
A small rock with a mass of 0.240 kg is released from rest at point A, which is at the top edge of a large, hemispherical bowl with a radius R = 0.500 m. Assume that the size of the rock is small compared to the radius of the bowl, so that the rock can be treated as a particle, and assume that the rock slides rather than rolling. The work done by friction on the rock when it moves from point A to point B at the bottom of the bowl is - 0.160 J. What is the speed of the rock when it reaches point B?
I really don't know where to start.
picture is attached.

#### Attachments

• 10.1 KB Views: 272
Related Introductory Physics Homework News on Phys.org

#### Cyrus

Use energy methods.

Point A:

Whats the associated energy at that point a? Gravitational? Kinetic? Electric?

Whats the associated energy at point b?

Show some work and well go from there.

Thats a very nice picture by the way, how did you get it?

Last edited:

#### inam2u

hey i am not sure abot the answer. is this correct

mgh=mv^2/r
(.24*10*.5)-.16=(.24*v^2)/2
v=2.94m/s

#### HallsofIvy

It is very difficult to help you when you wont at least indicate what you DO know! Why do you think that formula will help you? Are you using kinetic energy and potential energy? But what about "The work done by friction on the rock when it moves from point A to point B at the bottom of the bowl is - 0.160 J"?

#### inam2u

i hav reduced it from the potential energy. so it equalls to the kinetic energy

#### srj200

mgh=mv^2/r...

So PE = Fc?

Fc being the centripetal force. I don't think that's right. PE is in joules and Fc is in newtons.

I think it might actually be:

PE=KE

mgh = [(1/2) mv^2] + Wf,

where height (h) is your radius and W is the work done by friction (-.160J). When you use -.160J make it positive in the equation since the KE plus the work done by friction should be equal to the PE.

Solve for v.

#### inam2u

thanx for pointing out my mistakes.

#### Coreyh7988

I would approach the problem using energy as well. Since there is frictional force then energy conservation must involve work. so Kinetic energy(final)+potential energy(final)+Work=potential energy inital+kinetic energy initial. Where potential initial=mgR and kinetic initial=potential final=0 and kinetic final=.5mv^2. Im not entirely sure someone correct my mistakes ^_^

### Physics Forums Values

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving