What is this physical effect called on the Earth? (Earth's rotation while orbiting the Sun)

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Hi. I don't know what prefix this question belongs in so I just chose advanced at random. What's the physical effect called when the earth orbits around the sun at extremely fast speeds and also rotates around itself every 24 hours at the same time? Does that force cause anything in space getting close enough to earth to get pulled into earth due to that effect?
 

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Ibix
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What's the physical effect called when the earth orbits around the sun at extremely fast speeds and also rotates around itself every 24 hours at the same time?
There's no particular force at work here. Gravity keeps the Earth in orbit and various conservation laws mean it keeps moving and rotating.
Does that force cause anything in space getting close enough to earth to get pulled into earth due to that effect
The Earth's gravity does this. It would also do this if it were isolated and not rotating. (Actually, there's a tiny difference in the gravitational field of a rotating and a non-rotating Earth, but the difference is very nearly indetectable.)
I don't know what prefix this question belongs in so I just chose advanced at random.
If there's no maths, it should be B level.
 

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