What power do you raise 3 to to get 9

  • Thread starter m0286
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Hello again..
Alright Im now on the part of 12th grade calculus, dealing with logs and exponents and stuff. I understand if say log39 That its basically what power do you raise 3 to to get 9. Well a question i need to answer is log162. So what power to I raise 16 to to get 2??? I used my calculator just trying to find a number that would work, and i got 0.25. How would I show work for that? all of the solutions they gave for different equations worked different like for the log39They showed 2 ways:
3^x=9
3^x=3^2
x=2
OR
log39=log3(3^2)
=2
None of these solutions work for 16 since 2 is 2^1 and 16^1 is 16 not 2... Im confused.. Is 0.25 even the right answer.
Any Help is appreciated greatly!!!
Thanks ya!!!
 
Last edited:
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hint: 16=2^4
 

dextercioby

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Yes.Use this property of the logarithms wrt a change of basis.

[tex] \log_{16}2=\frac{\ln 2}{\ln 16}=\frac{\ln 2}{4\ln 2}=\frac{1}{4}=0.25 [/tex]

Daniel.
 
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Have you heard of a change of base? You calculator can only do log base 10. Here is the formula

[tex]\log_b a = \frac {\log_c a}{\log_c b}[/tex] where c can be anything. But why not set that to 10 so your calculator can crunch it.
 

chroot

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0.25 is the correct answer, because 16^(0.25) = 2.

The easiest way to compute logs like [itex]\log_b x[/itex] on a calculator is to compute

[tex]\log_b x = \frac{\log x}{\log b}[/tex]

where the logs on the right can be any base at all (10, e, whatever). In other words, to find [itex]\log_{16} 2[/itex] on your calculator, punch up (log 2 / log 16).

- Warren
 
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Thanks, but what does the In stand for...
 

dextercioby

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I don't think so.Any (scientifical) calculator should have natural logarithm.It's eseential.

Daniel.
 

shmoe

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m0286 said:
Thanks, but what does the In stand for...
That's probably "ln", the "natural logarithm", and it means the logarithm to the base e=2.1718..., if you haven't met it in your class yet, it's probably not far off.
 

chroot

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Dexter's post using natural logs can just as well be done with logs of any base, including 10.

- Warren
 

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