When I am reading the paper about Rayleigh instability, I found this type of expanding method. [tex] \sqrt{1+(\frac{2\pi\delta}{\lambda})^2 \cos^2(\frac{2\pi x}{\lambda})} = 1 + \frac{1}{2}(\frac{2\pi\delta}{\lambda})^2\cos^2 (\frac{2\pi x}{\lambda}) + \cdots [/tex] Can someone tell me what type of expansion is this?
If we suppose that ##f(x) = (\frac{2\pi\delta}{\lambda})^2 \cos^2(\frac{2\pi x}{\lambda})##, is it right that we could take derivative with respect to ##f(x)## to get the Taylor Expansion? The first order derivative I mean is presented below: [tex] \frac{d(1 + f(x))^{\frac{1}{2}}}{df(x)} = \frac{1}{2} \frac{1}{\sqrt{1 + f(x)}} [/tex]
I'm not sure where that is leading to. I meant ##(1+x)^n = 1 + n x + n(n-1)x^2 / 2! + n(n-1)(n-2)x^3/3! + \dots## where x is the trig function and n = 1/2.