# Homework Help: What would you say

1. Oct 25, 2007

### pebbles

[SOLVED] What would you say....

Which is safer, a collision in which the front end of a car is completely crumpled, or a collision in which no damage is done to the car, but the two cars bounce backwards off one another. Use the Impulse-Momentum Theorem.

Hm. Well, the Impulse-Momentum Thm. says that a faorce exerted over some time, impulse, causes a change in momentum. So, by increasing the time over which a force must act to stop motion, the force can be reduced and the potential damage reduced. So, the scenario that is safer....logically I'm thinking the second scenario, but I'm not really thinking as a physicist. I'm just thinking that if there's no damage, it has to be safer.

2. Oct 25, 2007

### PhanthomJay

Would you rather be riding in a car with a spring supported bumper, or one with a rigid 'no - give' bumper? Or if you jump from a building, is it better to land with legs stiff and erect, or bend your knees as you hit the ground?

3. Oct 25, 2007

### saket

Use the Impulse-Momentum Theorem

Think on this line: In which case change in momentum is more? Then, assuming time of impact to be same, you can calculate in which case impulse is more.

4. Oct 25, 2007

### pebbles

now that you put it that way, it seems to make more sense. so, the first scenario would be safer because the energy is absorbed by the front end of the car.....

5. Oct 26, 2007

### dynamicsolo

It's why those barrels at the entry to a highway exit ramp are filled with sand (to go 'splash' on the occasion someone's car rams them), rather than a nice big synthetic rubber bumper...

6. Oct 26, 2007

### pebbles

ok. thanks everyone. it makes sense now.
i greatly appreciate it!
:]