# Where did I go wrong?

1. Jul 30, 2015

### Dennis Heerlein

[Mentor's Note: Thread moved from the technical forums after receiving replies]

I'm just learning torque, but if I went wrong here can someone help me (or explain the textbook explanation better).

My work was:
Torque=.4m(weight of 5kg)sin(120)
which comes out to 1.73
The answer choices are
A=.49
B=.98
C=1.7
D=2
E=3.4

The answer is D, and it is apparently because "from the diagram, sin(theta)=40cm/L, so Lsin(theta)=40cm. That is, the question gave the lever arm already. (The given angle of 60 degrees is irrelevant.) Thus, from Torque=Fl, the torque is (.4m)(.5kg)(10m/s^2)=2."

Why doesn't Torque=rFsin(theta) apply? Why is the angle irrelevant?

Thank you to all who reply; this is my first post so if I make any mistakes I apologize.

Last edited by a moderator: Jul 30, 2015
2. Jul 30, 2015

### nasu

What is the question?

3. Jul 30, 2015

### Dennis Heerlein

Oh my gosh I'm so sorry.

"what is the torque about the pendulum's suspension point produced by the weight of the bob?"

4. Jul 30, 2015

### nasu

Just this? Nothing about the mass and the length of the pendulum?

5. Jul 30, 2015

### Dennis Heerlein

I should have included that in the question also.
mass=.5kg and is 40cm below the suspension point. No length is given. I suppose that's where I messed up?

6. Jul 30, 2015

### nasu

It is really painful to write the exact text?
What is 40 cm below suspension point? The mass?

It may seem funny, but the answer to a question depend on the details of that question.

7. Jul 30, 2015

### Dennis Heerlein

My apologies.

"In the figure above, what is the torque about the pendulum's suspension point produced by the weight of the bob, given that the mass is 40cm below the suspension point, measured vertically, and m=.50kg?"

8. Jul 30, 2015

### nasu

Ok, now it makes sense.
No, the lever arm is not already given. And you will need the angle to find it.
40 cm is the vertical distance. Imagine that you draw a vertical line from m upwards, until it reaches the thick horizontal line.
You will have a right angle triangle, with the vertical side 40 cm.
The lever arm of the weight is the horizontal side of that triangle.

Unless they mean that 40 cm refers to the equilibrium position of the mass, in which case 40 cm will be the length of the pendulum.

Last edited: Jul 30, 2015
9. Jul 30, 2015

### Dennis Heerlein

Two questions:

What is done from there?
If the length of the string was 40 cm would my original attempt be correct?

10. Jul 30, 2015

### nasu

The formula for torque applies, of course.
The angle in the formula is between r (vector from origin) and the force.
Can you see what this angle is in your case?

I think their answer may not be correct.

Edit
I did not see that you wrote that first formula, with sin 120.
If the length of the pendulum were 40 cm, it will make partial sense. The angle however is not 120. I see why you may think it is so. But to see the actual angle, imagine that you put both vectors with the tail in the origin.

Last edited: Jul 30, 2015
11. Jul 30, 2015

### Dennis Heerlein

Isn't the angle 120 in my case?

12. Jul 30, 2015

### nasu

I edited my last post while you were posting. Sorry. See above.

Edit (again)
If the length of the pendulum is 40 cm, then the answer will be on the list but not D.
You just need to take correct angle in your first formula and you will get it.

Last edited: Jul 30, 2015
13. Jul 30, 2015

### Dennis Heerlein

So the angle would be thirty, and their answer is wrong? (An angle of 30 yields an answer of exactly one, and since you said it is one of the answers I assume my angle is still off?) By the way, thank you so much for your patience and time

14. Jul 30, 2015

### nasu

Yes, if you take g=10 m/s^2.
With g=9.8 m/s^2 you get 0.98 Nm which is answer B.

And yes, the angle is 30 degrees.

15. Jul 30, 2015

### Dennis Heerlein

Oh, very well. The book has been using 10 so there is the mix-up. Thank you again

16. Jul 31, 2015

### haruspex

Seems to me the author got confused between sine and cosine.
The text states correctly that $L\sin(\theta)=.4m$, theta being the 60 degrees shown, but mistakenly takes $L\sin(\theta)$ as the lever arm instead of $L\cos(\theta)$