- #1

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^{0}. Apparently, is does not fit L

^{2}or any other L

^{p}? What is the smallest class?

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- #2

member 587159

$$(x \mapsto 1/x) \in C^0(\mathbb{R}\setminus \{0\})$$

In fact even

$$(x \mapsto 1/x) \in C^\infty(\mathbb{R}\setminus \{0\})$$

So I guess you will have to be a little more precise what your question is.

- #3

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Yes, you are right. I was thinking about interval [-1,1].

$$(x \mapsto 1/x) \in C^0(\mathbb{R}\setminus \{0\})$$

In fact even

$$(x \mapsto 1/x) \in C^\infty(\mathbb{R}\setminus \{0\})$$

So I guess you will have to be a little more precise what your question is.

- #4

member 587159

Yes, you are right. I was thinking about interval [-1,1].

So, how do you define ##x \mapsto 1/x## in ##0## then? You give it an arbitrary value?

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Infrared

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- #6

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So, how do you define x↦1/xx \mapsto 1/x in 00 then? You give it an arbitrary value?

I am not sure I understand your point. The analytic functions form a small and restrictive class of functions. It can be broadened by dropping some requirements imposed on class members. It gives us this sequence (incomplete, I guess, but it illustrates the basic idea):

##C^\omega \subset C^\infty \subset C^0 \subset L^p \in##... well, I do not know what comes next, possibly, distributions.

So my question is not how to define ##1/x## in ##0##, but which class does ##1/x## belongs to, precisely because of its irregular behaviour in ##0##. Well, again the interval is ##[-1,1]##.

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Thank you!

- #8

mathwonk

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my first response would be to call it a rational function.

- #9

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Well, of course, but I meant its classification from the viewpoint of functional analysis.my first response would be to call it a rational function.

- #10

mathman

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It is not ##L_p## for ##p\ge 1##. For ##p\lt 1##, it won't be a Banach space.

- #11

Svein

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- #12

mathwonk

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Beyond a study of examples of specific Banach spaces, functional analysis deals more deeply with the behavior of, and structure of, linear operators on these spaces, e.g. such as integral operators on function spaces. In that study it is fundamental to study the construction of new operators out of old, and the decomposition of arbitrary operators into combinations of standard ones.

Just as in finite dimensions it is crucial to examine the result of operators defined by applying polynomials to linear operators, so in infinite dimensions does it become important to apply more general functions, in particular holomorphic and rational functions to given operators. A fundamental question is whether a given operator has an inverse, say an operator of form (T-cI), and the inverse of this operator may be sought by substituting T into the rational function 1/(z-c). The theory of complex path integration, i.e. complex residues, is crucial here.

Some comments on the evaluation of rational functions at linear operators can be found in the fundamental reference Functional Analysis, by Riesz-Nagy, pages 422, 431. I hope this may be of interest.

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