# Who is Boltzmann, Coulomb, and Avogadro?

• Garry Denke
In summary, according to Max Planck, Planck's seven (7) primary universal base unit values are as follows: Planck intensity (bar-hG/c^5)^1/2/sr = 7.8672231(80) x 10^-46 cd; Planck time (bar-hG/c^5)^1/2 = 5.3904639(43) x 10^-44 s; Planck length (bar-hG/c^3)^1/2 = 1.6160204(35) x 10^-35 m; Planck substance (bar-hc/G)^1/2/M = 6.
Garry Denke
According to Max Planck :

Planck's seven (7) primary universal base unit values
1) Planck intensity : (bar-hG/c^5)^1/2/sr = 7.8672231(80) x 10^-46 cd
2) Planck time : (bar-hG/c^5)^1/2 = 5.3904639(43) x 10^-44 s
3) Planck length : (bar-hG/c^3)^1/2 = 1.6160204(35) x 10^-35 m
4) Planck substance : (bar-hc/G)^1/2/M = 6.6245916(02) x 10^-28 kmol
5) Planck mass : (bar-hc/G)^1/2 = 2.1767500(08) x 10^-8 kg
6) Planck current : e/(bar-hG/c^5)^1/2 = 2.9722423(67) x 10^24 A
7) Planck temperature : (bar-hc^5/G)^1/2/k = 1.4169882(01) x 10^32 K

According to Albert Einstein :

Einstein's seven (7) primary universal base unit values
1) Einstein intensity : (hG/c^5)^1/2/sr = 1.9720204(06) x 10^-45 cd
2) Einstein time : (hG/c^5)^1/2 = 1.3511889(33) x 10^-43 s
3) Einstein length : (hG/c^3)^1/2 = 4.0507625(15) x 10^-35 m
4) Einstein substance : (hc/G)^1/2/M = 1.6605388(62) x 10^-27 kmol
5) Einstein mass : (hc/G)^1/2 = 5.4563031(18) x 10^-8 kg
6) Einstein current : e/(hG/c^5)^1/2 = 1.1857531(48) x 10^24 A
7) Einstein temperature : (hc^5/G)^1/2/k = 3.5518626(92) x 10^32 K

According to Planck & Einstein :

Planck & Einstein's two (2) primary universal base angles
1) Einstein relative permeability : steradian = 6.8517999(55) x 10^1 sr

According to Einstein & Planck :

http://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Constants/

Planck h/2pi : bar-h = 1.0545716(84) x 10^-34 kg-m^2/s
Planck constant : h = 6.6260693(11) x 10^-34 kg-m^2/s
Boltzmann constant : k = 1.3806504(11) x 10^-23 kg-m^2/s^2-K
Coulomb elementary charge : e = 1.6021765(31) x 10^-19 A-s
Newton constant : G = 6.6723635(22) x 10^-11 m^3/kg-s^2
Einstein relative permeability : steradian = 6.8517999(55) x 10^1 sr
Einstein speed of light in vacuum : c = 2.99792458 x 10^8 m/s
Avogadro molar mass : M = 3.2858629(47) x 10^19 kg/kmol

Question #1 : Who is Ludwig Boltzmann?
Question #2 : Who is Charles Coulomb?

Thanks for helping,

Garry Denke

Garry Denke said:

Question #1 : Who is Ludwig Boltzmann?
Question #2 : Who is Charles Coulomb?

i guess there's Google or wikipedia. everything else you typed looks like garbage to me.

r b-j

rbj said:
i guess there's Google or wikipedia. everything else you typed looks like garbage to me.
Thanks for helping rbj. It's sad Boltzmann killed himself.
Is it true physicists are as ignorant as they were then?

Garry Denke

They were awfully unfair to the great Ludwig Boltzmann.It wasn't Poincaré's fault.Poincaré's result was purely math,even though it demolished Boltzmann's conceptions about irreversibility.

Daniel.

Garry Denke said:
Is it true physicists are as ignorant as they were then?
What kind of moronic question is this??
I would hardly call any of the leading physicist in the 19th century ignorant
And they certainly knew and understood a lot more physics than you have evidenced that you do.

## 1. Who is Boltzmann?

Boltzmann is an Austrian physicist who is known for his contributions to statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. He developed the famous Boltzmann equation, which relates the macroscopic properties of a gas to the microscopic behavior of its particles. He also made significant contributions to the understanding of entropy and the second law of thermodynamics.

## 2. Who is Coulomb?

Coulomb is a French physicist who is best known for his work on electricity and magnetism. He is credited with discovering Coulomb's law, which describes the force between two electrically charged particles. This law is an important foundation for understanding electricity and is still used in many applications today.

Avogadro is an Italian scientist who is famous for his contributions to chemistry. He is best known for Avogadro's law, which states that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules. This law is essential for understanding the behavior of gases and is a fundamental concept in chemistry.

## 4. What are the most significant contributions of Boltzmann, Coulomb, and Avogadro?

Boltzmann's most significant contributions include his work on statistical mechanics and the Boltzmann equation, which have had a significant impact on the fields of thermodynamics and physics. Coulomb's discovery of Coulomb's law has greatly influenced the study of electricity and magnetism. Avogadro's law is a fundamental concept in chemistry and has greatly contributed to our understanding of the behavior of gases.

## 5. How are Boltzmann, Coulomb, and Avogadro related to each other?

Boltzmann, Coulomb, and Avogadro are all scientists who made significant contributions to the fields of physics and chemistry. They all developed laws or equations that are still used today and are fundamental to our understanding of these subjects. Additionally, the three scientists were all born in the 18th and 19th centuries and were part of the scientific revolution that greatly advanced our understanding of the natural world.

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