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I Why jets entrain mass?

  1. Mar 22, 2016 #1
    I have done a research on google but still i can't find a reason why air is entrained in jets. An example of a jet is the fuel jet in a combustion chamber of a diesel engine. I suspect it has to do with the conservation of mass principle. Thank you in advance.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 22, 2016 #2
    Free jets emanate form an orifice and are traveling at much higher velocities then the surrounding fluid (lets say air jets in air). The interface between the jet and the surrounding air needs to be at the same velocity, so the jet has to accelerate the nearby surrounding air to satisfy this requirement. As the nearby air is accelerated, it will need to accelerate yet more nearby air, etc., and thus free jets entrain surrounding air as they expand out of the orifice and travel through the surrounding environment.
     
  4. Mar 22, 2016 #3
    Why the interface between the jet and the surrounding air needs to be at the same velocity?
     
  5. Mar 22, 2016 #4
    Fluids are treated as continuum mechanics. The jet has to displace air in its path, right? So it is going to transfer some energy/momentum.
     
  6. Mar 23, 2016 #5
    Thank you for your answer
     
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